Southern Migration Route and Wintering Grounds of the Common Crane of Dubna Premigratory Gathering
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The transformation of arid ecosystems into agricultural lands around natural and man-made water reservoirs has led to the formation of large gatherings on the migration routes and wintering grounds of common cranes nesting in the center of the European part of Russia. The marking of the cranes of Dubna premigratory gathering with color rings made it possible to find birds during wintering in Israel in the Hula valley. The tracking of the marked cranes made it possible to find key areas on migration routes for the purposes of their conservation, as well as other possible locations of cranes from Dubna premigratory gatherings in Moscow Region and adjacent areas. The last one is especially important due to a reduction in the area of Dubna gathering and a decrease in the protective and fodder quality of this land.
Keywords:common crane Dubna premigratory gathering Hula valley in Israel migration marking
We thank V.Yu. Il’yasheko and G.V. Nosachenko for their help in the catching and marking of cranes, D.V. Sarychev and D. Mura for map preparation, and E.A. Mudrik for the determination of the cranes’ sex. We also are grateful to the nongovernmental organization Crane Conservation Germany for the materials for bird ringing.
The work was done within the framework of the Research and Development Work of the Institute of Water Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, for 2018–2020 on the theme 2 Modeling and Forecasting the Processes of Water and Ecosystems Quality Restoration under Different Scenarios of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activity, project no. 0147-2018-0002, section 2.6. Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems in Changing Natural Conditions. State registration no. AAAA-A18-118022090104-8.
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Сonflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
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