Motivational Inductors of Behavior as Reserves of Successful Aging
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Age-related characteristics of motivational inductors of behavior and internal control, which contribute to “successful” aging, are studied. University students and elderly women (20 ± 1.1 and 65.1 ± 5.8 years, respectively) are involved in the study. The dominance of cognitive activity in the profile of motivational inductors regardless of the age and time period of self-appraisal is established. Age differences are found for the “future” situation: increased importance of physical activity for the elderly and significantly greater importance of the “emotional state” components both in the present and in the future for young female students. However, the recognition of the priority of cognitive activity does not correspond to the practical implementation of the cognitive training program, presumably due to the age-related weakening of executive control in initiating new activities.
Keywords:executive control of behavior age motivation cognitive reserves
The work was financially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 17-06-00166, “Organization of inhibitory control in ontogeny: implications for learning and adaptations”).
COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS
Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement of compliance with standards of research involving humans as subjects. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants involved in the study.
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