The Effect of Microalloying on Mechanical Properties of Low-Carbon Chromium–Nickel–Molybdenum Steel
Abstract—The work covers the effect of niobium, as well as both niobium and vanadium, on mechanical properties of high-strength chromium-nickel-molybdenum steel after thermal refining. The mechanical properties of steels were determined after applying various tempering temperatures (from 580 to 660°C) and durations of tempering (from 1 to 16 h), and also after quenching from rolling heat and furnace heat with subsequent tempering. It is shown that, after quenching and tempering in the temperature range of 580–660°C of the high-strength steel of the Cr–Ni–Cu–Mo composition alloyed with 0.02% Nb and 0.07% V, the yield strength is higher as compared with steel alloyed with niobium (0.05%), at only an insignificant decrease in the impact strength and ductility. Increase of the total composition of the basic alloying elements does not result in a significant change in the mechanical properties within the investigated tempering temperature interval. Quenching from rolling heat increases the strength while maintaining high toughness, and the increase in strength is most noticeable for steel microalloyed only with niobium.
Keywords:high-strength steel chromium-nickel-molybdenum steel microalloying with niobium and vanadium heat treatment mechanical properties
This work was carried out within the framework of a state contract with Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation no. 18411.1810190019.09.003 of November 6, 2018. Experimental studies were performed on the equipment of the laboratory of the Test and Technical Complex of Irradiated and Radionuclide Materials and the Center for Collective Use Composition, Structure, and Properties of Structural and Functional Materials of the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute—CRISM Prometey with financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation within the framework of the agreement 14.595.21.0004, unique ID RFMEFI59517X0004.
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