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Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 1221–1236 | Cite as

Study of Steel Corrosion Cracking Mechanisms for VVER RPV Internals Based on Simulation Tests

  • B. Z. MargolinEmail author
  • N. E. Pirogova
  • V. A. Potapova
  • A. A. Sorokin
  • N. V. Bardashova
  • S. N. Petrov
  • M. S. Mikhailov
RADIATION MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Different hypotheses of irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking for materials of internals in the light water reactor environment were analyzed. Irradiation-induced grain boundary chromium depletion, localized deformation, and material hardening were considered. Heat treatment and cold working of 18Cr–10Ni–Ti steel were made to simulate the influence of neutron irradiation. Autoclave tests in the light water reactor environment at a temperature 290°C and at a strain rate of 3 × 10–7 s–1 were carried out. 18Cr–10Ni–Ti steel specimens in the initial state, after heat treatment, and after heat treatment followed by cold working were used. Fracture surfaces and lateral surfaces of specimens were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The microstructure of the material was also examined using transmission electron microscopy. It was shown that the grain boundary chromium depletion and the material hardening are not the main causes of corrosion cracking of 18Cr–10Ni–Ti steel in the primary coolant deoxygenated environment. The localization of deformation has a profound effect on corrosion cracking in the absence of the grain boundary sliding. The conditions determining the crack propagation by the corrosion cracking mechanism are defined.

Keywords:

stress corrosion cracking VVER internals 18Cr–10Ni–Ti steel autoclave tests testing of modeled material 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Experimental studies were performed on the equipment of the Test and Technological Complex of Irradiated and Radionuclide Materials and Center for Collective Use Composition, Structure, and Properties of Structural and Functional Materials of the National Research Center Kurchatov Institute—CRISM Prometey with financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation within the framework of the agreement 14.595.21.0004.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Z. Margolin
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. E. Pirogova
    • 1
  • V. A. Potapova
    • 1
  • A. A. Sorokin
    • 1
  • N. V. Bardashova
    • 1
  • S. N. Petrov
    • 1
  • M. S. Mikhailov
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Center Kurchatov Institute—CRISM PrometeySt. PetersburgRussia

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