Advertisement

Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 1012–1019 | Cite as

Refractory Monocarbides and Diborides of Transition Metals: Promising Components of High-Temperature Composite Materials

  • G. S. BurkhanovEmail author
  • V. A. Dementiev
METAL SCIENCES. METALLURGY

Abstract—Development of innovative composite materials capable of operating under extreme conditions requires a comprehensive engineering approach. One of the components of such materials can be represented by monocarbides and diborides of transition metals of groups IV–VI of the periodic table: titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, as well as their binary systems. Most isomorphic pairs of monocarbides and ddiborides are characterized by unlimited mutual solubility. The HfC–TaC system is of particular interest. The melting point of TaC–4HfC exceeds 4000°C, which is the highest refractoriness among all known synthesized substances.

Keywords:

engineering materials composite materials carbon materials refractory compounds carbides borides solidification physicochemical analysis 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Burkhanov, G.S. and Burkhanov, Yu.S., Modern approaches to the creation of functional metallic materials, Materialovedenie, 2008, no. 1, pp. 1–10.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gorynin, I.V., Oryshchenko, A.S., Malyshevskii, V.A., and Khlusova, E.I., Innovative strategy of development of the Prometei Central Scientific Research Institute of Constructional Materials, Metalurg, 2009, no. 10, pp. 8–12.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Burkhanov, G.S. and Kiselyova, N.N., Prediction of intermetallic compounds, Russ. Chem. Rev., 2009, vol. 78, no. 6, pp. 569–587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prokhorov, A.M., Lyakishev, N.P., Burkhanov, G.S., and Dementiev, V.A., High-purity transition-metal borides: promising materials for present-day technology, Inorg. Mater., 1996, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 1195–1201.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Burkhanov, G.S., Kuz’mishchev, V.A., and Shnyrev, G.D., Plazmennoe vyrashchivanie tugoplavkikh monokristallov (Plasma Growing of Refractory Single Crystals), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1981.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Trudy nauchno-tekhnicheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem V Staverovskie chteniya “Ul’tradispersnye poroshki, nanostruktury, materialy: poluchenie, svoistva, primenenie,” Krasnoyarsk, 15–16 oktyabrya 2009 g. (Proc. Sci.-Tech. Conf. With Int. Participation V Staverosvskie Readings “Ultrafine Powders, Nanostructures, and Materials: Production, Properties, and Application,” Krasnoyarsk, October 15–16, 2009), Red’kin, V.E., Ed., Krasnoyarsk: Sib. Fed. Univ., 2009, p. 498.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shulaev, V.M., Hard and superhard nanomaterials based on refractory compounds, Materialy XII mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-tekhnicheskoi konferentsii “Vysokie tekhnologii v promyshlennosti Rossii,” 7–9 sentyabrya 2006 g. (Proc. XII Int. Sci.-Tech. Conf. “Advanced Technologies in Russian Industry,” September 7–9, 2006), Moscow: Tekhnologiya, 2006, pp. 460–468.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations