Advertisement

Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 1103–1115 | Cite as

Heat-Resistant Electrical Insulating Fiberglass Plastics for Shipbuilding

  • V. E. BakharevaEmail author
  • I. V. Nikitina
  • A. S. Sargsian
  • V. F. Aristov
  • I. A. Vikhrov
POLYMER COMPOSITE MATERIALS

Abstract—Heat resistance of fiberglass plastics depends mostly on heat resistance of the polymer matrix (binder) and technological modes of production. Increasing the heat resistance and strength of electric insulation makes it possible to improve the properties of electric machines and prolong their working life. Hot pressing technology was developed and fiberglass plastic articles for electric insulation of parts of the ship propulsion complex (main and servicing diesel generators, turbo generators, electric motors) were manufactured. Exploitation modes were settled for electric insulation from different types of binders and reinforcing materials based on alkali-free, quartz, and siliceous high modulus and high strength glass fibers.

Keywords:

fiberglass electrical insulating plastics heat-resistant binders reinforcing glass fibers dielectric properties 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Sovremennye mashinostroitel’nye materialy. Nemetallicheskie materialy. Spravochnik (Modern Machine Engineering Materials. Nonmetal Materials: Handbook), Gorynin, I.V., Oryshchenko, A.S., Bakhareva, V.E., and Nikolaev, G.I., Eds., St. Petersburg: Professional, 2014.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bakhareva, V.E. and Oryshchenko, A.S., Vysokoprochnye stekloplastiki dlya arkticheskogo mashinostroeniya (High-Strength Fiberglass for Arctic Machine Engineering), St. Petersburg: Professional, 2017.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bakhareva, V.E. and Sargsyan, A.S., New heat-resistant electrical insulating fiberglass, Inorg. Mater.: Appl. Res., 2017, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 881–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dawson, D., The Curiosity Mars rover: descent stage composites, April 30, 2014. https://www.compositesworld. com/articles/the-curiosity-mars-rover-descent-stage-composites.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hexcel’s website. http://www.hexcel.com/Solutions/ Aerospace/AJames-Webb-Telescope. Accessed November 10, 2017.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sommer, M., Tailor-made composite performance properties for high temperature applications, presented at AVK Tagung Essen, Germany, September 14, 2010. http://www.nasa.gov/hubble.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Naseem, A., Munshi, N.A., et al., Radiation resistant electrical insulation qualified for ITER TF coils, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond., 2013. V. 23, no. 3, art. ID 7700104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wood, K., HPC for aircraft interiors conference review, December 31, 2012. http://www.compositesworld.com/ articles/hpc-for-aircraft-interiors-conference-review. Accessed November 10, 2017.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Roberts, J.C., Analytical techniques for sizing the walls of advanced composite electronics enclosures, Composites, Part B, 1999, vol. 30, pp. 177‒187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bakhareva, V.E., Kontorovskaya, I.A., and Petrova, L.V., Polimery v sudovom mashinostroenii (Polymers in Shipbuilding Industry), Leningrad: Sudostroenie, 1975.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Steklyannye volokna (Fibreglasses), Aslanov, M.S., Ed., Moscow: Khimiya, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gurtovnik, I.G. and Sportsmen, V.N., Stekloplastiki radiotekhnicheskogo naznacheniya (Radio Engineering Fibreglasses), Moscow: Khimiya, 1987.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gurtovnik, I.G., Sokolov, V.I., Trofimov, N.N., and Shalgunov, S.I., Radioprozrachnye izdeliya iz stekloplastikov (Radiotransparent Products from Fibreglasses), Moscow: Mir, 2003.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Badalova, E.I., Bardushkina, V.P., Voitsekhovich, N.Ya., et al., Khimicheskaya obrabotka poverkhnosti steklyannogo volokna (Chemical Treatment of Glass Fiber Surface), Aslanov, M.S., Ed., Moscow: Khimiya, 1966.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Davydova, I.F. and Kavun, N.S., Fibreglasses is the multifunctional composite materials, in Aviatsionnye materialy i tekhnologii (Aviation Materials and Technologies), Kablov, E.N., Ed., Moscow: Vseross. Inst. Aviats. Mater., 2012, pp. 253‒260.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nikolaev, A.F. and Kryzhanovskii, V.K., Tekhnologiya polimernykh materialov. Uchebnoe posobie (Technology of Polymer Materials: Manual), St. Petersburg: Professiya, 2008.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Andrianov, K.A., Kremniiorganicheskie soedineniya (Silicone Organic Compounds), Moscow: Khimiya, 1955.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kuznetsov, A.A. and Semenova, G.K., Perspective thermally stable thermoset binders for polymer composite materials, Russ. J. Gen. Chem., 2010, vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 2170–2180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tsegel’skaya, A.Yu., Semenova, G.K., and Kuzne-tsov, A.A., DSC and IR-spectrometry analysis of solidification of biscyanic ethers, Vopr. Materialoved., 2012, no. 4 (72), pp. 185–189.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lonza company website. http://www.lonza.com.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Isovolta company website. http://www/isovolta.com.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vikhrov, I.A., Aristov, V.F., and Gurov, D.A., New oligocyanurate binders containing the fragments of adamantine, V Mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya-shkola po khimii i fizikokhimii oligomerov (V Int. Conf.-School on Chemistry and Physical Chemistry), Volgograd, 2015.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Vikhrov, I.A., Aristov, V.F., and Gurov, D.A., Adamante oligocyanurate resins for dimensionally stable carbon composite constructions used in spacecrafts, Reshetnevskie Chteniya, 2015, vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 91–93.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bryazgin, A.A., Korobeinikov, M.V., Pupkov, Yu.A., Mikhailenko, M.A., Vikhrov, I.A., and Zdvizhkov, A.T., The influence of high doses of ionizing radiation on the mechanical properties of composite materials, Trudy XXVII mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii “Radiatsionnaya fizika tverdogo tela” (Proc. XXVII Int. Conf. “Radiation Physics of Solids”), Sevastopol, 2017.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tsirkin, M.Z. and Kostritskii, S.N., Stekloplastiki v elektromashinostroenii (Fiberglass in Electrical Machine Engineering), St. Petersburg: Energoatomizdat, 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. E. Bakhareva
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. V. Nikitina
    • 1
  • A. S. Sargsian
    • 1
  • V. F. Aristov
    • 2
  • I. A. Vikhrov
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Center Kurchatov Institute—CRISM PrometeySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.CJSC Research Institute of Cosmic and Aviation Materials (NIIKAM)Pereslavl-ZalesskyRussia

Personalised recommendations