Advertisement

Russian Journal of Biological Invasions

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 313–326 | Cite as

Alien Species of the Mammalian Fauna in Yakutia

  • A. V. ArgunovEmail author
Article
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

The history of introduction and invasive processes for nine mammal species, namely, muskrat, American mink, steppe polecat, sable, river beaver, muskox, wood bison, Siberian roe deer, and red deer, in Yakutia is considered. Introduction of the muskrat was carried out in 1930–1932 and this species was well adapted to the new conditions and spread in all natural zones of Yakutia. Mink was introduced into southern Yakutia in 1961–1964; its distribution is limited by environmental barriers, and the total number now constitutes 4000–5000 individuals. Steppe polecat was introduced into Central Yakutia in 1980–1983; the species is poorly adapted and its number constitutes only 150–200 individuals and tends to decrease; the population may disappear in the coming years. The reintroduction of the sable was conducted in 1948–1958 and the species now is widespread throughout the taiga part of Yakutia with the number varying at the level of 250 000–300 000 individuals. European beavers were released in 2001–2003, but animals did not survive at the places of introduction for various reasons. The muskox was introduced into different parts of the arctic zone of Yakutia from 1996 to 2017 with 199 individuals; today the number amounts to 2600 individuals. The naturalization process to subarctic ecosystems is successful. Wood bison was shipped to the republic from 2006 to 2013, and the animals were kept only in captive breeding centers until 2017. The total number doubled and reached 184 individuals. In November 2017, 30 bison were released. The modern range of Siberian roe deer was formed in the 20th century through the introduction from the adjacent territories of the Far East and southern Siberia. The species is mainly distributed in Central Yakutia, and its number constitutes 24 000 individuals. The red deer has inhabited the territory of Yakutia simultaneously with the roe deer from the same regions. Now its range covers southern and Central Yakutia, and the number constitutes 10 000–13 000 individuals.

Кeywords: biological invasions mammals introduction population number Yakutia 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This study was supported by the basic project VI.51.1.11. “Structure and Dynamics of Animals in the Cold Region of Northeastern Russia under Modern Conditions of Global Climate Change and Anthropogenic Transformation of Northern Ecosystems: Factors, Mechanisms, Adaptations, and Conservation” (no. АААА-А17117020110058-4).

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Argunov, A.V., Formation of the range and the current distribution of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus, Cervidae) in Yakutia, Zool. Zh., 2013, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 346–352.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Argunov, A.V., Social structure of the Siberian roe deer—Capreolus pygargus Pall., 1771 (Cervidae, Mammalia) in the north-east of its habitat, Povolzhsky Ecol. J., 2015, no. 3, pp. 352–356.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Argunov, A.V. and Safronov, V.M., Demographic structure of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus Pall.) population in central Yakutia, Russ. J. Ecol., 2013, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 402–407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Argunov, A.V. and Stepanova, V.V., Diet structure of the Siberian roe deer in Yakutia, Russ. J. Ecol., 2011, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 161–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Argunov, A.V., Krivoshapkin, A.A., and Boeskorov, G.G., Kosulya Tentralnoi Yakutii: Monografiya (Roe Deer of Central Yakutia: Monograph), Novosibirsk: Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2015.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Argunov, A.V., Stepanova, V.V., and Okhlopkov, I.M., The population dynamics and resources use of wild ungulates in taiga of Yakutia, Agrar. Vestn. Urala, 2017, no. 7 (161), pp. 4–12.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Belolyubskii, I.N. and Boeskorov, G.G., Pleistocene and modern Cervus elaphus L. of Yakutia, Otechest. Geol., 1997, no. 2, pp. 31–36.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Belyk, V.I., Sedalishchev, V.T., Anikin, R.K., et al., Results of the re-acclimatization of the sable in Yakutia, in Intensifikatsiya vosproizvodstva resursov okhotnich’ikh zhivotnykh (Intensification of Reproduction of Hunting Animals Resources), Kirov, 1990, pp. 194–206.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Boeskorov, G.G., Composition of the teriofauna of Yakutia in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene (according to archaeological materials), in Drevnie kul’tury Severo-Vostochnoi Azii. Astroarkheologiya. Paleoinformatika (Ancient Cultures of Northeast Asia. Astroarcheology. Paleoinformatics), Alekseev, A.N., Ed., Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2003, pp. 27–43.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Boeskorov, G.G. and Danilkin, A.A., On the taxonomic status of the Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus, Cervidae) in Central Yakutia, Zool. Zh., 1998, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 1080–1083.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Boeskorov, G.G. and Kirillin, A.S., Preliminary data on the fauna of mammals from the Neolithic site Ulahan Segelenni (Yakutia), 1-i Mezhd. mamontovogo soveshch., Tezisy dokladov (Proc. 1st Int. Mammoth Meet., Abstracts of Papers), St. Petersburg, 1995.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chibyev, V.Yu. and Mordosov, I.I., The role of the muskrat in the biogeocoenoses of the Lena-Amginsky interfluve, Nauka Obrazovanie, 2007, no. 4, pp. 134–138.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chibyev, V.Yu., Nikiforov, N.I., Lukovtsev, Yu.S., and Okhlopkov, I.M., Results of muskrat (Ondatra zibetica L.) acclimatization in Yakutia, Vestn. Buryat. Gos. Univ., 2013, no. 4, pp. 139–144.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Davydov, M.M. and Solomonov, N.G., Ondatra i ee promysel v Yakutii (Muskrat and Its Hunting in Yakutia), Yakutsk, 1967.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D’yakonov A.L. Pushnoi promysel v Yakutii kontsa XVIII—XIX veka (Fur Hunting in Yakutia at the End of the 18th and 19th Centuries), Yakutsk, 1990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Egorov, O.V., Prospects for acclimatization of ungulates in Yakutia, in Problemy okhrany prorody Yakutii (Problems of Nature Protection in Yakutia), Yakutsk, 1963, pp. 99–106.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ermolova, N.M., Teriofauna doliny Angary v pozdnem antropogene (Teriofauna of the Angara Valley in the Late Anthropogen), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1978.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Flerov, K.K., Bison of the North-Eastern Siberia, in Mamontovaya fauna i sreda ee obitaniya v antropogene SSSR (Mammoth Fauna and Its Habitat in the Anthropogen of the USSR), Leningrad, 1977, pp. 39–56.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gaidin, S.T. and Burmakina, G.A., The history of settlement, acclimatization, and re-acclimatization of fur-bearing animals and commercial animals in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Vestn. Krasnoyarsk Agrar. Univ., 2014, no. 4, pp. 269–275.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gruzdev, A.R. and Sipko, T.P., The current status of the population of musk oxen (Ovibosmoschatus Zimmermann, 1780) of Wrangel Island, in Priroda ostrova Vrangelya: sovremenniye issledovaniya (Nature of Wrangel Island: Modern Research), St. Petersburg, 2007, pp. 103–116.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khlyap, L.A., Bobrov, V.V., and Warshavsky, A.A., Biological invasions on the territory of Russia: mammals, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2010, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 127–140. http://www.sevin.ru/invasjour/issues/2008_2/Khlyap_ 08_2.pdf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kirillin, E.V., Ecology of musk ox (Ovibos moschatus Zimmerman, 1780), Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Yakutsk, 2016.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kochkarev, P.V., Monitoring of spatial distribution and structure of musk ox flocks (Ovibos mocshatus Zimmermann, 1780) in Taimyr, stocks and use, Vestn. Krasnoyarsk. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2012, no. 11, pp. 93–95.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Krasnaya kniga Respubliki Sakha (Yakutiya), T. 2: Redkie i nakhodyashchiesya pod ugrozoi ischeznoveniya vidy zhivotnykh (nasekomye, ryby, zemnovodnye, presmykayushchiesya, ptitsy, mlekopitayushchie) (The Red Book of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Vol. 2: Rare and Endangered Species of Animals (Insects, Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals)), Alekseev, V.G., et al., Eds., Yakutsk: Sakha Poligrafizdat, 2003.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Krivoshapkin, A.A., Materials on the dynamics of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus L.) in Central Yakutia, Vestn. Severo-Vost. Fed. Univ., 2017, no. 5 (61), pp. 17–25.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Krivoshapkin, A.A. and Argunov, A.V., The number of Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus Pall., 1771) in Central Yakutia, Vestn. Okhotoved., 2014, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 18–25.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lazarev, P.A., Krupnye mlekopitayushchie antropogena (Large Anthropogenous Mammals), Novosibirsk, 2008.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lazarev, P.A., Boeskorov, G.G., Tomskaya, A.I., Garutt, N.V., Vasil’ev, E.M., Kasparov, A.K., and Rodionov, G.N., Mlekopitayushchie antropogena Yakutii (Mammals of the Anthropogen of Yakutia), Yakutsk: Nauch. Tsentr, Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 1998.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lee, Y.S., Markov, N., Voloshina, I., Argunov, A., Bayarlkhagva, D., Oh, J.G., and Kim, K.S., Genetic diversity and genetic structure of the Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) populations from Asia, BMC Genet., 2015, vol. 16: 100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lee, Y.S., Markov, N., Argunov, A., Voloshina, I., Bayarlkhagva, D., Kim, B.-J., Min, M.S., Lee, H., and Kim, K.S., Genetic diversity and phylogeography of siberian roe deer, Caproulus pygargus, in central and peripheral populations, Ecol. Evol., 2016, pp. 1–12. doi 10.1002/ece3.2458Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Leont’ev, D.F., Spatiotemporal dynamics of spreading of muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) and American mink (Neovison vison) in the upper reaches of Nizhnyaya Tunguska and Lena rivers, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2014, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 82–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Malyshev, Yu.S. and Prelovskii, V.A., Invasive species of mammals in the reserves and national parks of Eastern Siberia, Baikal. Zool. Zh., 2009, no. 2, pp. 88–97.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mlekopitayushchie Yakutii (Mammals of Yakutia), Tavrovskii, V.A., Ed., Moscow, 1971.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mochanov, Yu.A., Drevneishie etapy zaseleniya chelovekom severo-vostochnoi Azii (The Earliest Stages of the Settlement of Man by Northeast Asia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mordosov, I.I., Mlekopitayushchie taezhnoi chasti Zapadnoi Yakutii (Mammals of the Taiga Part of Western Yakutia), Yakutsk: Yakutsk Nauch. Tsentr, Sib. Otd., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 1997.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mordosov, I.I., Mordosova, N.I., and Mordosova, O.N., Acclimatization of animals in Yakutia, Vestn. Severo-Vost. Fed. Univ., 2017, no. 3 (59), pp. 25–38.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Polyakov, A.V., Anikin, R.K., and Sokolov, V.V., On acclimatization of the steppe chorus in Yakutia, Mater. Vses. nauchno-proizvod. konf.Obogashchenie fauny i razvedenie okhotnich’ikh zhivotnykh,” Kirov, 19–21 maya, 1982, Tezisy dokladov (Proc. All-Union Sci. Pract. Conf. “Enrichment of Fauna and Breeding of Game Animals,” Kirov, May 19–21, 1982, Abstracts of Papers), Kirov, 1982, p. 97.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Revin, Yu.V., Mlekopitayushchie Yuzhnoi Yakutii (Mammals of the Southern Yakutia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Revin, Yu.V. and Bagaev, V.G., Distribution and number of American mink in the Olekma basin, in Issledovanie biologicheskikh resursov v Yakutii (Research of Biological Resources in Yakutia), Yakutsk, 1978, pp. 126–128.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Rusanov, B.S., Biostratigrafiya kainozoiskikh otlozhenii Yuzhnoi Yakutii (Biostratigraphy of the Cenozoic Deposits of the Southern Yakutia), Moscow: Nauka, 1968.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Safronov, V.M., Commercial hunting of mammals in Yakutia and the problems of their use, Vestn. Okhotoved., 2007, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 252–265.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Safronov, V.M., Climate change and mammals of Yakutia, Zool. Zh., 2016, vol. 95, no. 12, pp. 1459–1474.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Safronov, V.M., Smetanin, R.N., and Stepanova, V.V., Introduction of the wood bison (Bison bison athabascae Rhoads, 1897) in Central Yakutia, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2012, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 34–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Sedalishchev, V.T. and Odnokurtsev, V.A., Results of acclimatization of muskrat (Ondatra zibetica L.) in the Northeast Yakutia, Usp. Nauk o Zhizni, 2012, no. 5, pp. 94–103.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Sedalishchev, V.T. and Odnokurtsev, V.A., Results of acclimatization of fur trade mammals in Yakutia, Mater. mezhd. nauhno-pract. konf. “Sovremenniye problemy prirodopolzovaniya, okhotovedeviya i zverovodstva,” posvyashennoi 95-letiyu VNIIOZ, Kirov, 22–25 maya 2017, Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Int. Sci. Pract. Conf. “Modern Problems of Nature Management, Hunting and Fur Farming,” Devoted to the 95th Anniversary of All-Russia Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Hunting and Fur Farming, Kirov, May 22–25, 2017, Abstracts of Papers), Kirov, 2017, pp. 608–611.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Silant’ev, A.A., Hunting, Aziat. Ross., 1914, vol. 2, pp. 11–13.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Skalon, V.N., Rechnye bobry Severnoi Azii (River Beavers of North Asia), Moscow, 1951.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Stepanova, V.V., Expansion of geographic range of red deer in Yakutia, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2010, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 30–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Stepanova, V.V. and Argunov, A.V., Spatiotemporal dynamics of geographical ranges of red deer (Cervus elaphus, Cervidae) and Siberian roe deer (Capreolus pygargus, Cervidae) in Yakutia, Russ. J. Ecol., 2016, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 62–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Stepanova, V.V. and Okhlopkov, I.M., Ekologiya blagorodnogo olenya Yakutii (Ecology of the Red Deer of Yakutia), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2009.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Stepanova, V.V. and Okhlopkov, I.M., Dynamics of number and game-shooting of American mink in Yakutia, Mater. mezhd. nauhno-pract. konf. “Sovremenniye problemy prirodopolzovaniya, okhotovedeviya i zverovodstva,” posvyashennoi 95-letiyu VNIIOZ, Kirov, 22–25 maya 2017, Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Int. Sci. Pract. Conf. “Modern Problems of Nature Management, Hunting and Fur Farming,” Devoted to the 95th Anniversary of All-Russia Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Hunting and Fur Farming, Kirov, May 22–25, 2017, Abstracts of Papers), Kirov, 2017, pp. 626–629.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Tikhonov, V.G., Sleptsov, M.K., and Lukovtsev, Yu.S., The choice of the place of introduction and creation of a base for the musk oxen in Yakutia, Mater. Reg. nauch. konf. “Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problemy okhrany i obogashcheniya bioraznoobraziya,” Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Reg. Sci. Conf. “Theoretical and Applied Problems of Biodiversity Conservation and Enrichment,” Abstracts of Papers), Yakutsk, 1997, pp. 20–21.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Tikhonov, V.G., Sipko, T.P., Gruzdev, A.R., and Egorov, S.S., Catch and resettlement of musk oxen in the north of Russia, Mater. Mezhd. soveshch. “Teriofauna Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii” (VII s”ezd Teriologicheskogo obshchestva), Moskva, 6–7 fevralya 2003, Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Int. Meet. “Teriofauna of Russia and Adjacent Territories” (VII Congr. of the Theriol. Soc.), Moscow, February 6–7, 2003, Abstracts of Papers), Moscow, 2003, p. 351.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Vangengeim, E.A., Paleontologicheskoe obosnovanie stratigrafii antropogena Severnoi Azii (Paleontological Substantiation of the Stratigraphy of the Anthropogen of North Asia), Moscow: Nauka, 1977.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Velichenko, V.V., The current state of the populations of hunting and commercial animals of the reserve “WWF-Sakha” (“Charuoda”), Mater. Mezhd. konf. “Problemy populyatsionnoi ekologii zhivotnykh,” posvyashchennoi pamyati akademika I.A. Shilova, Tezisy dokladov (Proc. Int. Conf. “Population ecology of animals,” Devoted to Anniversary of Acad. I.A. Shilov, Abstracts of Papers), Tomsk, 2006, pp. 378–380.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Vereshchagin, N.K. and Baryshnikov, G.F., Extinction of mammals in the Quaternary period of Northern Eurasia, Tr. Zool. Inst., Akad. Nauk, 1985, vol. 131, pp. 3–38.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Yakushkin, G.D., Ovtsebyki na Taimyre (Muskox in Taimyr), Novosibirsk, 1998.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Zabrodin, V.A., On the creation of a natural population of musk oxen in Taimyr, in Ovtsebyk v tundre Rossii: Eksperiment XX veka po vosstanovleniyu ischeznuvshego vida (Muskox in Russian Tundra: Experiment of the 20th Century to Restore the Vanished Species), St. Petersburg, 2002, pp. 30–43.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biological Problems of the Cryolithozone, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYakutskRussia

Personalised recommendations