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Russian Journal of Biological Invasions

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 299–312 | Cite as

Modern Data on the Spatial Distribution of the Baikal Amphipods in the Yenisei River and Their Visualization in the Geoinformational Web System

  • A. V. AndrianovaEmail author
  • O. E. Yakubaylik
  • Y. V. Shan’ko
Article
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Abstract

The results of hydrobiological studies of expeditions conducted in 2015–2016 in several zones of the Yenisei River from its head to the mouth are presented. This work deals with the spatial dynamics of the amphipod community, in which the leading positions are occupied by invaders from Baikal. The invaders spread through the Angara River not only with the current but also against the current of the Yenisei. Eight species of amphipods were identified, and there were two representatives of native fauna (Pontoporeia affinis and Gammarus sp.) and six Baikal endemics among them. Throughout the river, Gmelinoides fasciatus dominated quantitatively among the gammarids; Philolimnogammarus viridis took second place. Only in the lower reaches and in the delta of the Yenisei were the leading positions surrendered to Pontoporeia affinis—a representative of the estuary-relic complex of organisms. Baikal endemics populated actively the Upper Yenisei section below the Sayano-Shushensky hydroelectric power station (HPS), especially in the areas of massive macrophyte distribution. The main vector of Baikal endemics spreading in the Yenisei is self-colonization through the Angara River, noticed by researchers in the 19th century. For G. fasciatus, its intentional introduction into the Krasnoyarsk Reservoir in the late 1960s with the aim of increasing the food supply was an additional stimulus for the growth of the population below and above the Krasnoyarsk HPS. Naturalization of Ph. viridis in the Upper Yenisei section was probably aided by an accidental introduction. There is a divergence of ecological niches in G. fasciatus and Ph. viridis in the Yenisei: the dominant prefers silty sand-and-shingle biotopes with a calm rate of speed; the subdominant tends to prefer stony-pebble bottom washed by a rapid current. Over the last 15 years, the density and proportion of crustaceans in the zoobenthos have increased in the Angara–Podkamennaya Tunguska section. The results of hydrobiological studies have been designed in the form a geospatial database in a geoportal, which makes it possible to visualize information as interactive thematic maps and which provides the direct access to data via web mapping services from the modern GIS software.

Keywords:

Yenisei River invade rs Baikal endemics amphipods Gmelinoides fasciatus Philolimnogammarus viridis biotopes spatial distribution geographic informational system geoportal 

Notes

ACKNOWLEGMENTS

This work was financially supported by the Comprehensive Program of Basic Research of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences “Interdisciplinary Integration Studies” for 2018–2020, the topic “Development of Methods and Web-Oriented Technologies for the Thematic Processing of the Multicellular Hyperspectral Data of Earth Remote Sensing in the Tasks of Ecological Monitoring and Rational Nature Management” (state task no. 0356-2018-0055).

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Andrianova
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • O. E. Yakubaylik
    • 1
    • 3
  • Y. V. Shan’ko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Computational Modeling, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Scientific Research Institute of Ecology of Fishery ReservoirsKrasnoyarskRussia
  3. 3.Siberian Federal UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

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