Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Al5083 Aluminum Alloy for Marine Applications

  • Javad Fahim
  • Hamid GhayourEmail author
  • Sayed Mohammad Mehdi Hadavi
  • Sayed Ali Hassanzadeh Tabrizi
Physicochemical Problems of Materials Protection


Considering the importance of Al5083 as a most used and most promising aluminium alloy in vessels hull and marine systems, the focus of this research is on access to superhydrophobic coatings on this alloy by economical and efficient two step method composed of anodizing and chemical modification with silane. Al5XXX series of Al alloys including Al5083 have been widely used in marine industries such as fast ferries and ship building. In the present research, for fabricating superhydrophobic coatings on the aluminum alloy (Al5083) surface, anodizing in sulfuric acid and chemical modification of triethoxy octyl silane (KH-832) and 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H–perfluorooctyl trichloro silane (PFOTS), was employed. Surface characterization was carried out by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and ATR-FTIR tests. Also, the wettability of superhydrophobic coatings was evaluated using static wettability test. Static wetting and contact angle hysteresis tests on the aluminum alloy surfaces provided a high contact angle (about 170 and 160 degrees) and low contact angle hysteresis (about 3 and 9 degrees) respectively by modification with KH- 832 and PFOTS as a non-wettable surface. The ATR-FTIR analysis after surface chemical modification with KH-832 and PFOTS showed functionalized groups.


Al5083 marine alloy superhydrophobic surface modification water contact angle contact angle hysteresis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Liu, W., Luo, Y., Sun, L., et al., Adv. Mater. Res., 2012, vol. 583, p.338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xia, F., Jiang, L., and Xia, B.F., Adv. Mater., 2008, vol. 20, p. 2842.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sun, T., Feng, L., Gao, X., and Jiang, L., Acc. Chem. Res., 2005, vol. 38, p.644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bhushan, B., Jung, Y.C., and Koch, K., Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A, 2009, vol. 367, p. 1631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fratzl, P. and Weinkamer, R., Prog. Mater. Sci., 2007, vol. 52, p. 1263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Koch, K., Bhushan, B., and Barthlott, W., Soft Matter, 2008, vol. 4, p. 1943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gorb, N., Functional Surfaces in Biology, Springer, 2009, vol.2.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Darmanin, T. and Guittard, F., Mater. Today, 2015, vol. 18, p.273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jelinek, R., Nanoparticles, De Gruyter Textbook, Walter de Gruyter, 2013.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dujardin, E. and Mann, S., Adv. Mater., 2002, vol. 14, p.775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bhushan, B., Langmuir, 2012, vol. 28, p. 1698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, X.Y., Bioinspiration: From Nano to MicroScales, Springer, 2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nosonovsky, M. and Bhushan, B., Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci., 2009, vol. 14, p.270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ma, M. and Hill, R.M., Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci., 2006, vol. 11, p.193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Darmanin, T., Tan, E., Givenchy, D., Amigoni, S., and Guittard, F., Adv. Mater., 2013, vol. 25, p. 1378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Celia, E., Darmanin, T., Tan, E., Givenchy, D., Amigoni, S., and Guittard, F., Colloid Interface Sci., 2013, vol. 402, p.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Feng, L., Li, S.H., Li, Y.S., et al., Adv. Mater., 2002, vol. 14, p. 1857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wagner, P., Rstner, R., Barthlott, W., and Neinhuis, C., J. Exp. Bot., 2003, vol. 54, p. 1295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bhushan, B. and Jung, Y., Prog. Mater. Sci., 2011, vol. 56, p.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sarkar, D.K., Farzaneh, M., and Paynter, R.W., Appl. Surf. Sci., 2010, vol. 256, p. 3698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fu, X. and He, X., Appl. Surf. Sci., 2008, vol. 255, p. 1776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wu, R., Liang, S., Pan, A., et al., Appl. Surf. Sci., 2012, vol. 258, p. 5933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
    Alwitt, R.S., in Oxides and Oxide Films, Diggle, J.W. and Vijh, A.K., Eds., New York: Marcel Dekker, 1976, vol.4.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sabzi, M., Mirabedini, S.M., Mehr, J.Z., and Atai, M., Prog. Org. Coat., 2009, vol. 65, p.222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ebrahim, M., Nada, A., and Kamal, D.E., Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., 2005, vol. 43, p.911.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Underhill, P.R. and Rider, A.R., Surf. Coat. Technol., 2005, vol. 192, p.199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Wang, L., Liang, J., and He, L., J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2009, vol. 435, p.75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Porchelvi, M. and Rajasekaran, R., Int. J. Eng. Sci. Res. Technol., 2017, vol. 6, no. 3, p.73.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ferguson, J.D., Weimer, A.W., and George, S.M., Chem. Mater., 2004, vol. 16, p. 5602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pliskin, W.A., J. Vac. Sci. Technol., 1977, vol. 14, p. 1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Catherine, Y. and Talebian, A., J. Electron. Mater., 1988, vol. 17, p.127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kim, Y.C., Park, H.H., Chun, J.S., and Lee, W.J., Thin Solid Films, 1994, vol. 237, p.57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Seman, M.T., Richards, D.N., Rowlette, P., and Wolden, C.A., Chem. Vap. Deposition, 2008, vol. 14, p.296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tellez, C., Mendoza, G., Frutis, M., Flores, M.A., et al., Appl. Phys., 2008, vol. 103, p. 34105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Jakoubková, M., Papoušková, Z., and Pola, J., Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1977, vol. 42, p.471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Jafari, R. and Farzaneh, M., Mater. Sci. Forum, 2012, vols. 706–709, p. 2874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Nishino, T., Meguro, M., Nakamae, K., et al., Langmuir, 1999, vol. 15, p. 4321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Nalwa, H.S., Surface and Interface Phenomena, vol. 1. of Handbook of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials, Los Angeles, CA: Academic Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Yin, B., Fang, L., Tang, A., et al., Appl. Surf. Sci., 2015, vol. 258, p.580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Yong, X., Hou, C., Wu, J., et al., Corrosion, 2011, vol. 67, p.1.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Ye, J., Yin, Q., and Zhou, O.Y., Thin Solid Films, 2009, vol. 517, p. 6012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Xua, O.F. and Wang, J.N., New J. Chem., 2009, vol. 33, p. 734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javad Fahim
    • 1
  • Hamid Ghayour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sayed Mohammad Mehdi Hadavi
    • 2
  • Sayed Ali Hassanzadeh Tabrizi
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Materials Research Center, Department of Materials Engineering, Najafabad BranchIslamic Azad UniversityNajafabadIran
  2. 2.Department of Materials EngineeringUniversity of Tarbiat ModaresTehranIran

Personalised recommendations