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Catalysis in Industry

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 228–236 | Cite as

Study of the Composition Effect of Molybdenum-Modified Nickel–Copper Catalysts on Their Activity and Selectivity in the Hydrogenation of Furfural to Different Valuable Chemicals

  • A. A. Smirnov
  • I. N. Shilov
  • M. V. Alekseeva
  • S. A. Selishcheva
  • V. A. Yakovlev
DOMESTIC CATALYSTS
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

The modification effect of NiCu–SiO2 catalysts by molybdenum on their activity and selectivity in the hydrogenation of furfural—a product of the acid hydrolysis of hemicellulose biomass—was studied. The original NiCu catalyst was synthesized by the sol–gel method and stabilized with 10 wt % SiO2 by impregnating the calcined sol–gel with an appropriate amount of ethyl silicate. Molybdenum was introduced by impregnation of the original catalyst with an aqueous solution of ammonium molybdate. The selective hydrogenation of furfural was carried out in a batch reactor at temperatures of 100–200°C and a hydrogen pressure of 6 MPa. It was shown that an increase in the process temperature in the presence of the molybdenum-containing catalyst increases the yield of 2-methylfuran and products of complete hydrogenation. At low process temperatures a small amount of 2-methylfuran is formed; the main products are furfuryl and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohols. The modified NiCuMo–SiO2 catalysts exhibit higher activity in hydrogenation of furfural and greater 2-methylfuran selectivity than the respective parameters of NiCu systems, due apparently to the formation of NiMo(Cu) solid solutions, and the formation of Mox+ on the catalyst surface.

Keywords:

furfural furfuryl alcohol 2-methylfuran high-octane additives hydrogenation 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by the RF Ministry of Education and Science, agreement no. 14.575.21.0171, identification number RFMEFI57517X0171, “Development of Methods for Processing of Products of Non-food Plant Raw Materials Conversion Into Furanic High-Octane Additives for Motor Fuels and Into Other High-Value Chemical Products.”

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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