Assessment of Patterns of the Lower Atmosphere Ozone Concentrations and Meteorological Factors as the Risk Factors for Medical Emergencies in the Population
The article is concerned with an assessment of patterns of lower atmosphere ozone concentrations (LOC) and the relevant meteorological factors, as well as the role of the latter as risk factors for the incidence of medical emergencies, using population of the city of Simferopol as an example. Throughout 2017, average daily LOC in the air substantially exceeded MAC; the seasonal pattern was characterized by two maximums, that is, during the spring and summer periods. The LOC dependence on temperature, humidity, and atmospheric air pressure proved to be statistically significant; its levels were found to be significantly higher with the northeasterly wind compared to the southwesterly (onshore wind). To assess the effects of LOC and other meteorological factors on population health, daily values were compared with the daily statistics on incidence of medical emergencies with respect to the respiratory and cardiovascular systems derived based on the number of emergency ambulance calls in Simferopol. The number of the ambulance calls was determined to be significantly dependent on LOC and the temperature and humidity of the atmospheric air for asthma attacks and acute coronary syndrome and on wind speed for arrhythmia.
Keywords:lower atmosphere ozone air temperature meteorological factors medical emergencies respiratory and cardiovascular systems
This work was supported by Program for Basic Research of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences as part of the project Development of Recommendations for Adaptation of Various Age Groups of Population to Heat Wave Exposure for 2018–2020. V.A. Lapchenko, researcher at Vyazemsky Karadag Scientific Station—Nature Reserve of RAS—Branch of Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS, contributed to the work in the framework of the state Task (no. AAAA 19-119012490044-3).
CONFLIC OF INTEREST
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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