Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 205–214 | Cite as

Mapping of Geochemical Landscapes in the South of Russia (Some Aspects of Practical Implementation)

  • V. V. DyachenkoEmail author
  • I. Yu. MatasovaEmail author
  • L. G. DyachenkoEmail author


This article analyzes the current state and relevance of using landscape-geochemical mapping. A case study for southern Russia is presented, with a focus on the principles of the geochemical landscape typology, the compilation methodology and the main areas of practical implementation of particular maps. An analysis is made of the major landscape-forming factors for the south of Russia and the methods of their systematics and cartographic presentation. We suggest the matrix legend to the map of geochemical landscapes, visualizing all their diversity as well as modeling landscapes which could exist in the past (or in the future) as a result of the realization of existing combinations of natural and man-made factors. The landscape structure in the Southern Federal District and the North Caucasian Federal District has been analyzed, including assessments of the natural differentiation and specificity of the technogenic transformation of the biosphere. The analysis revealed a high level of anthropogenic transformation of the region so that only 54 of the 232 landscape types as identified at a scale of 1:1 000 000 are natural, and all the others have been to a certain extent transformed by economic activity or created by man. As a result, technogenically transformed landscapes occupy more than 70% of the southern territory of the European part of the Russian Federation, which reduces the region’s ecosystem stability. Suggestions are made on practical implementation of landscape-geochemical mapping in environmental management.


maps soils landscape geochemistry trace elements pollution environmental management 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Dyachenko, V.V., Geochemistry, Systematics and Assessment of the State of Landscapes of the North Caucasus, Rostov-on-Don: Kompleks, 2004 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Polynov, B.B., Selected Works, Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR, 1956 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Perel’man, A.I., Landscape Geochemistry, 2nd Ed., Moscow: Vyssh. Shk., 1975 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Perel’man, A.I. and Kasimov, N.S., Landscape Geochemistry, Moscow: Astreya-2000, 1999 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Glazovskaya, M.A., Geochemical Characteristics of the Typology and Methods of Investigating Natural Landscapes, Smolensk: Oikumena, 2002 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alekseenko, V.A., Landscape-Geochemical Investigations and the Environment, Rostov-on-Don: Izd. Rost. Univ., 1989 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alekseenko, V.A., Ecological Geochemistry, Moscow: Logos, 2000 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dobrovol’skii, V.V., Soil and Landscape Geochemistry, Selected Works, in 3 Vols., Moscow: Nauchnyi Mir, 2009, Vol. 2 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Comprehensive Ecological Mapping (The Geographical Aspect): A Textbook, N.S. Kasimov, Ed., Moscow: Izd. Mosk. Univ., 1997 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mitskevich, B.F. and Sushchik, Yu.A., The Fundamentals of Landscape-Geochemical Regionalization, Kiev: Nauchnaya Mysl’, 1981 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Snytko, V.A., Semenov, Yu.M. and Martynov, A.V., Landscape-Geochemical Analysis of Geosystems of KATEK, Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Solntseva, N.P., Oil Production and Geochemistry of Natural Landscapes, Moscow: Izd. Mosk. Univ., 1998 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Khovanskii, A.D., Geochemistry of Aquatic Landscapes, Rostov-on-Don: Izd. Rost. Univ., 1993 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bogdanova, M.D., Gavrilova, M.P. and Gerasimova, M.I., Small-Scale Soil-Geochemical Mapping, Moscow: APR, 2008 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Map of Geochemical Landscapes of Stavropol Krai. Sc 1:500 000, A.I. Perel’man, Ed., Moscow GUGK SSSR, 1990 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Map of Geochemical Landscapes of Kabardino-Balkar ASSR and North Ossetian ASSR. Sc 1:500 000, A.I. Perel’man, Ed., Moscow: GUGK SSSR, 1990 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dyachenko, V.V. and Matasova, I.Yu., Background Content of Chemical Elements in Soils of Physical-Geographical Regions of Southern Russia, Problemy Regional’noi Ekologii, 2012, no. 4, pp. 148–154 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dyachenko, V.V. and Matasova, I.Yu., Map of Geochemical Landscapes of Southern RF, Proc. All-Russian Sci. Conf. “Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography” (April 4–6, 2012, Moscow), Moscow: Izd. Mosk. Univ., 2012, pp. 324–332 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dyachenko, V.V. and Matasova, I.Yu., The Landscape-Geochemical Differentiation of Southern Russia, Proc. All-Russian Sci. Conf. “Landscape Geochemistry (in Commemoration of the 100 thAnniversary of the Birth of A.I. Perel’man) (October 18–20, 2016, Moscow), Moscow: Izd. Inst. Geologii Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, Petrografii, Mineralogii i Geokhimii RAN, 2016, pp. 355–358 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Landscape Geochemistry and Soil Geography. The 100 thAnniversary of the Birth of M.A. Glazovskaya, N.S. Kasimov and M.I. Gerasimova, Eds., Moscow: APR, 2012 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dyachenko, V.V. and Matasova, I.Yu., Pollution With Trace Elements and Their Dynamics in Soils of Southern Russia, Geoekologiya, Inzhenernaya Geologiya, Gidrogeologiya, Geokriologiya, 2015, no. 4, pp. 324–332 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mil’kov, F.N., Physical Geography: Landscape Theory, and Geographical Zonality, Voronezh: Izd. Voronezh. Univ., 1986 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Soil Map of the RSFSR. Scale 1:2 500 000, V.M. Fridland, Ed., Moscow: GUGK SSSR, 1988 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Atlas of the Republic of Dagestan, B.A. Akaev, Ed., Moscow: Feder. Sluzhba Geodezii i Kartografii Rossii, 1999 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Atlas of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, O.G. Kolodko, Ed., Pyatigorsk: Severo-Kavkaz, Aerogeodez, Predpriyatie, 2010 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    National Atlas of Russia, in 4 Vols., Vol. 2: Nature and Ecology, V.V. Sveshnikov, Ed., Moscow: Izd. GOSGISTSENTRa, 2004 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Physical-Geographical Atlas of the World, Yu.V. Filippov, Ed., Moscow: Izd. AN SSSR; GUGK SSSR, 1964 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Fedina, A.E., Changes of Anthropogenic Modifications of Landscapes in Mountains of the Greater Caucasus, Voprosy Geografii, issue 121: Landscape Studies: Theory and Practice, Moscow: Mysl’, 1982, pp. 164–169 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Dyachenko, V.V., Dyachenko, L.G. and Devisilov, V.A., Earth Sciences: A Textbook, Moscow: Knorus, 2010 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D’yachenko, V.V. and Matasova, I.Yu., Regional Clarkes of Chemical Elements in Soils of Southern European Russia, Eurasian Soil Sci., 2016, vol. 49, issue 10, pp. 1091–1098.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Dyachenko, V.V., Lyashenko, E.A. and Malykhin, Yu.A., The Ecosystem Principles of Integral Geoecological Assessment of Residential and Recreational Landscapes, Proc. Int. Conf. “Scientific Lectures in Commemoration of the 100 thAnniversary of the Birth of Academician Viktor Borisovich Sochava” (June 20–21, 2005, Irkutsk), V.A. Snytko and Yu.M. Semenov, Eds., Irkutsk: IG SO RAN, pp. 136–139 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Dyachenko, V.V., Determination of Regional Standardizing Contents of Chemical Elements in Soils on the Landscape-Geochemical Basis, Izv. Vuzov. North Caucasus Region. Natural Sciences, 2001, no. 4, pp. 109–112 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Dyachenko, V.V., Lyashenko, E.A. and Burgonskii, D.Yu., Problems of Ecological-Geochemical Standardization of Soils, Bezopasnost’ v Tekhnosfere, 2008, no. 6, pp. 28–36 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Konyushkov, D.E., Khokhlov, S.F., Kontoboitseva, A.A., and Savitskaya, N.V., The State Soil Map and Its Authors, Byul. Pochven. Inst. Im. V.V. Dokuchaeva, 2015, issue 81, pp. 12–44 [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Novorossiisk Polytechical InstituteBranch of Kuban State Technological UniversityNovorossiiskRussia

Personalised recommendations