Advertisement

Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 389–395 | Cite as

Dynamics of Red River Delta (Vietnam) and Main Problems in Coastal Natural Resource Exploitation

  • Nguyen Van CuEmail author
  • Nguyen Thai Son
  • V. V. Ermoshin
  • K. S. Ganzei
  • Dao Dinh Cham
  • Dao Thi Thao
  • Nguyen Hoang Son
  • Nguyen Quoc Cuong
  • Nguyen Quang Minh
Geography Abroad
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

Processes of accretion and abrasion and possibilities of using the main natural resources in the maritime coastal areas of the Red River delta in the north of Vietnam are considered. Quantitative data on erosion and accretion are provided for the period since 1930 till the present, and the level of accretion and erosion processes is estimated according to their intensity and prevalence. Three periods of development of accretion and erosion in three areas of the Red River delta have been identified, and the results of cartographic and quantitative analysis of their intensity are presented. It was determined that the erosion areas in some periods reached 47 ha/year with the destruction rate of the coast as high as 9.2 m/year and the rate of accretion 445 ha/year, and the seaward shift of the coastline with the velocity of up to 37.6 m/year. The most eroded coastal areas are Wang Li and Hai Hau, and accretion is largest in Ba Lat. The area characteristics of the eroded and accretion areas are given for ten coastal regions from the city of Haiphong to Ninh Bin Province. It is shown that the dynamical processes in the coastal zone of the northern part of Vietnam significantly complicate the use of natural resources and their economic development. The specific character and ecological problems of sea salt extraction, cultivation of aquaculture, restoration of mangrove vegetation in the maritime and coastal zone of the Red River delta are considered. It was determined that irrational use of the coastal territories gives rise to environmental problems and to a decrease in economic efficiency of natural resource management. It is concluded that the identified patterns of formation of the estuary should be properly identified and, on this basis, it is advisable to develop balanced methods for sustainable use of natural resources of the coastal regions of Vietnam, including coastal shoals.

Keywords

accretion erosion natural resources management sustainable development Haiphong Ninh Binh Province 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Physical Geography of Mainlands and Oceans, in 2 Vols., Vol. 1: Physical Geography of Mainlands, in 2 books, Book 1: Differentiation nd Development of Landscapes of the Earth’s Land surface. Europe. Asia, E.P. Romanova, Ed., Moscow: Akademiya, 2014 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wu Tu Lap, Vietnam: Geographical Information, Hanoi: Izd. Lit. Inostr. Yaz., 1980 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vietnam National Atlas, Eds. Nguyen Van Chie, Ed., Hanoi: Tong Cuc Dia Chinh, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaplin, P.A. Leontyev, O.K. Lukyanov, S.A. and Nikiforov, L.G. Coasts. Nature of the World, Moscow: Mysl’, 1991 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Korotkii, A.M. and Khudyakov, G.I. Exogenous Geomorphological Systems of Sea Coasts, Moscow: Nauka, 1990 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Korotkii, A.M. Razzhigaeva, N.G. Ganzei, L.A. and Volkov, V.G. Islands of the Vietnam Shelf: Relief, Precipitation, History of Development, Moscow: Nauka, 1993 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Le Ba Tao, Some Remarks on the Development of the Mekong and Red River Deltas, Proc. XIV Pacific Sci. Congress (Aug. 20–Sept. 1, 1979, Khabarovsk), Moscow: VINITI, 1979, pp. 118–119 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lu Tu, The Process of Formation and Development of the Coastal Zone of Vietnam During the Quaternary Period, Proc. XIV Pacific Sci. Congress (Aug. 20–Sept. 1, 1979, Khabarovsk), Moscow: VINITI, 1979, pp. 122–123 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Coastal and Maritime Nature Management: Theory, Indicators, Regional Characteristics, I.S. Arzamastsev, Ed., Vladivosto: Dal’nauka, 2010 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tran Duc Thanh, The Program of Integral Management of th Northern Coastal Regions, Hanoi: Estestvoznanie i Tekhnologiya, 2011 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pham Hoi Tien, Nguyen Van Cu and Tran Duc Thanh, Forecasting the Development of the Accretion–Erosion Processes in the coastal Region and the Proposed Measures for Their Prevention, Sc. Report KS09–05, Hanoi: Izd. Inst. Geografii Vietnamskoi Akademii Nauk i Tekhnologii, 2005 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nguyen Van Cu, Coastal and Estuarine Shoals in the North of Vietnam, Hanoi: Nauka i Tekhnika, 2006 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nguyen Khac Nghai, Truong Van Bon, Trinh Viet Anh, and Ngueyn Thanh Hoan, Scientific Research and Proposals for the Introduction of Principles of Sustainable Development of the Coastal Territory of Ninh Binh: From Ba Cat to the Dau Branch, Final Report: Hanoi: Izd. Inst. Geografii Vietnamskoi Akademii Nauk i Tekhnologii, 2013 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tran Duc Thanh, Features in the Development of Subtidal Territories in the Red River Delta, Nauki o Zemle, 1996, no. 181, pp. 55–99 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vu Duy Vinh and Tran Duc Thanh, Characteristics of Current Variation in the Coastal Area of Red River Delta–Results of Research Using the 3D Numerical Model, J. Mar. Sci. Tech., 2014, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 139–148.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat, Ramsar, 1971, Collection of UN International Treaties, 1976, pp. 260–264 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nguyen Gia Thanh, Management and Use of Coastal Resources in Northern Regions, Hanoi: Izd. Inst. Geografii Vietnamskoi Akademii Nauk i Tekhnologii, 1998 [Russian Translation].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nguyen Van Cu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nguyen Thai Son
    • 1
  • V. V. Ermoshin
    • 2
  • K. S. Ganzei
    • 2
  • Dao Dinh Cham
    • 1
  • Dao Thi Thao
    • 1
  • Nguyen Hoang Son
    • 3
  • Nguyen Quoc Cuong
    • 4
  • Nguyen Quang Minh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geography of the Vietnam Academy of Sciences and TechnologyHanoi CityVietnam
  2. 2.Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  3. 3.Hue University of EducationHue City, ThuaThien Hue ProvinceVietnam
  4. 4.Hanoi University of Natural Resources and EnvironmentHanoi CityVietnam

Personalised recommendations