Advertisement

Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 287–295 | Cite as

The Geographical Implications of the Creation of “Greater Eurasia”

  • L. A. BezrukovEmail author
Article
  • 3 Downloads

Abstract

The tendency for the progressive establishment a broad integration association of a continental scale, “Greater Eurasia”, on the basis of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is highlighted. A common geographical feature of the countries involved in this partnership is revealed, i. e. the unique ultra–continental location of their remote landlocked territories at the world’s largest distance from economical sea routes and major world markets. An example of the countries of Central Asia, Russian Siberia and western regions of China shows the negative influence of the ultra–continentality factor manifesting itself primarily in increased transportation costs, which creates considerable barriers to economic growth and foreign trade activity. It is suggested that the accelerated creation of international transport corridors of both latitudinal and meridional orientation be regarded as a potential powerful means for closer economic consolidation and interdependent economic development of the remote inland territories of “Greater Eurasia”. The new development opportunities for Siberia opening up before Siberia with the establishment of “Greater Eurasia” are pointed out: access of the Siberian regions via the transport corridors to nearby inland markets, the creation of preconditions for a deeper onsite processing of Siberian raw materials by organizing final process stages and obtaining transportable products with high added value, and by overcoming the depressing effect of the ultra–continentality on economic growth through the construction of the transport corridor on the basis of the Trans–Siberian Railroad using advanced technological solutions.

Keywords

ultra–continental zones transportation costs international transport corridors economic interaction Eurasian continental integration 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Obukhova, E. and Skorobogatyi, P., Partnership of the Nongolden Billions, Ekspert, 2016, no. 27, pp. 13–20 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    To the Great Ocean–5: From the Turn to the East to Greater Eurasia, S.A. Karaganov, Ed., Moscow: MDK Valdai, 2018 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Savitskii, P.N., The Eurasian Continent, Moscow: Agraf, 1997 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Trubetskoi, N.S., The Heritage of Genghis Khan, Moscow: Agraf, 1999 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Vinokurov, E.Yu. and Libman, A.M., Two Eurasian Integrations, Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2013, no. 2, pp. 47–72 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    List of Countries and Dependencies by population. URL: https://doi.org/ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_and_dependencies_by_population (Accessed Feb. 10, 2018).
  7. 7.
    List of Countries by GDP (PPP). List of the World Bank. URL: https://doi.org/ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_(PPP) (Accessed Feb. 10, 2018).
  8. 8.
    Export of Goods and Services of the World, 1970–2016. URL: https://doi.org/be5.biz/makroekonomika/export/world.html (Accessed Feb. 0, 2018) [in Russian].
  9. 9.
    Radelet, S. and Sachs, J.D., Shipping Costs, Manufactured Exports, and Economic Growth, 1998. URL: https://doi.org/www.earth.columbia.edu/sitefiles/File/about/director/pubs/shipcost.pdf (Accessed Feb. 10, 2018).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Annovazzi–Jakab, L., Landlocked Countries: Opportunities, Challenges and Recommendations, in Trade Facilitation. The Challenges for Growth and Development, C. Cosgrove–Sacks and M. Apostolov, Eds., New York; Geneva: UN, 2003, pp. 81–136.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Collier, P., The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries Are Failing and What Can Be Done About It, New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2007.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bezrukov, L.A., The Continental–Oceanic Dichotomy in International and Regional Development, B.M. Ishmuratov, Ed., Novosibirsk: Geo, 2008 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Grigoriou, C., Landlockedness, Infrastructure and Trade: New Estimates for Central Asian Countries. The World Bank: Development Research Group Trade Team, Policy Research Working Paper 4335, August, 2007. URL: https://doi.org/documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/289461468016849336/pdf/wps4335.pdf (Accessed Feb. 10, 2018) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    White, K., Geography, Policy, and Barriers to International Trade in Central Asia, Central Asia Business Journal, 2010, vol. 3, pp. 44–54. URL: https://doi.org/www.researchgate.net/publication/306380017_Geography_Policy_and_Barriers_to_International_Trade_in_Central_Asia (Accessed Feb. 10, 2018).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Borisova, E.A., Water and Energy Resources of “Greater” Central Asia: Water Scarcity and Resources to Overcome It, Moscow: LENAND, 2015 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sachs, J.D., The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities of Our Time, New York: Penguin Press, 2005.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Samburova, E.N., Regional Disparities in the Present–Day Development of the Chinese Economy, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 5, Geogr., 2014, no. 4, pp. 49–55 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Krasova, E.V., Jin Yanhong and Zhao Lihua, The Unevenness in the Socio–Economic Development of the Regions of China as a Result of a Sustainable Growth of the Chinese Economy, Vektor Nauki TGU, Ser. Ekonomika i Upravlenie, 2016, no. 2 (25), pp. 42–49 [in Russian].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fartyshev, A.N., Regional Policy of Russia and China Toward Their Intracontinental Territories: Siberia and Xinjian, Izv. Irk. Univ., Ser. Politilogiya i Religiovedenie, 2013, no. 2, part 1, pp. 144–153 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Frolova, I.Yu., The Economic Policy of China in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the Contest of the Interests of Central Asian Countries, Problemy Ntsional’noi Strategii, 2014, no. 4 (25), pp. 65–85 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vinokurov, E., Dzhadraliev, M. And Shcherbanin, Yu., International Transport Corridors of EurAsEC: Faster, Cheaper, More. A Sectoral Overview, Almaty: Eurasian Development Bank, 2009 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rezer, S.M., Prokofyeva, T.A. and Goncharenko, S.S., International Transport Corridors: Problems of the Formation and Development, Moscow: VINITI RAN, 2010 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Transport. Europa–Azja, M. Mindura, Red., Warszawa: Radom, 2009.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Tsvetkov, V.A., Zoidov, K.Kh. and Medkov, A.A., Generation of the Evolution Model of the Transport–Transit System of Russia in Conditions of Integration and Globalization, Moscow; St. Petersburg: Nestor–Istoriya, 2014 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    To the Great Ocean–4: The Turn to the East. Preliminary Results and New Tasks, T.V. Bordachev, Ed., Moscow: MDK Valdai, 2016 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Xin Yucai, Zhou Guping and Luo Weidong, One Belt, One Road: Comments, Moscow: Shans, 2017 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kudiyarov, S., The Battle for the Container, Ekspert, 2010, no. 44, pp. 95–98, Special Supplement “Transport and Logistics” [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lisovolik, Ya.D. and Sutyrin, V.V., The Geography of the Countries of the Eurasian Economic Community: From Challenges to Possibilities, Moscow: MDK Valdai, 2017 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Vardomskii, L.B., Transit Potential of Kazakhstan in the Context of Eurasian Integration, EKO, 2015, vol. 45, no. 8, pp. 59–78 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bezrukov, L.A., Transsib and Silk Road: Global Infrastructure and Regional Development, EKO, 2016, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 21–36 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sigalov, M.R. and Kamin, V.A., Railroad Construction in the Practice of Development of Siberia, Moscow: Nauka, 1988 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Nikol’skii, A.F., “Novyi Angarstroi” as the Key Project of Future Industrialization of Russia, Geogr. Prir. Resur., 2017, no. 4, pp. 143–153 [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.V. B. Sochava Institute of Geography, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations