Geography and Natural Resources

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 341–349 | Cite as

Zonal features of climate regime of the West Siberian Plain and its influence on geosystems

  • L. B. Filandysheva
  • N. S. Evseeva
  • T. N. Zhilina


Of particular current importance in the general problem of global climate change is the regional manifestation of this process. The focus of this paper is concentrated on the transitional natural zones: forest tundra (st. Salekhard), and forest-steppe (st. Omsk) of the West Siberian Plain. The study is based on data for ground air temperatures and precipitation at the mean-daily and mean annual level, covering the time interval from 1936 to 2012. The observations are grouped in three periods: from 1936 to 1970, from 1971 to 2006, and from 2001 to 2012 thus making it possible to identify trends in the behavior of mean annual indicators, examine the intra-annual and seasonal changes, and to carry out a typification according to thermal regime and humidification regime. Regional changes in mean annual air temperatures at st. Salekhard and st. Omsk are representative of the general features of temperature variation over the entire observing period. In the Subarctic, however, the warming period became more pronounced in 2001, whereas it started in the 1970s in the forest-steppe, which is borne out by an increase in the recurrence frequency of warm and normal (according to thermal regime) years during the aforementioned periods. The southern part of the West Siberian Plain has experienced a more intense warming than in the north. Analysis of the intra-annual behavior of mean daily temperatures at st. Omsk showed their steady increase during the time interval from 1971 to 2012; this is especially true in regard to a warm season. At st. Salekhard the dynamics of temperatures is more complicated in character. Observation showed comparable (in duration) time spans with alternating increases and decreases in air temperature. The annual precipitation amounts for the time intervals used in the comparison indicated that their mean long-term value in the zones under consideration has increased for the last 35 years by 26 mm at st. Salekhard, and by 15 mm at st. Omsk. Considerable changes of climate have been observed since the 1970s; in high and mid-latitudes, they differ greatly and have influence on phenological phenomena, the structure of seasonal rhythms, the conditions of functioning of landscapes, and on human economic activity.


climate change trends air temperature precipitation landscapes 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Budyko, M.I., Borzenkova, I.I., Menzhulin, G.V., and Selyakova, K.I., Future Climate Changes, Izv. RAN, Seriya Geogr., 1992, no. 4, pp. 36–52 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Izrael’, Yu.A., Global Climate Changes, Their Causes and Consequences, in Global Aerological Problems on the Eve of the 21st Century, Moscow: Nauka, 1998, pp. 49–68 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gruza, G.V. and Ran’kova, E.Ya., Assessment of Future Climate Changes on the Territory of the Russian Federation, Meteorol. Gidrol., 2009, no. 11, pp. 15–29 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sherstyukov, B.G., Regional and Seasonal Regularities of Current Climate Changes, Obninsk: VNIIGMI-WDC, 2008 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meleshko, V.P., Kattskov, V.M. and Karol’, I.L., Concerning the Prevention of Global Warming Through Dispersal of Sulfate Aerosol in the Atmosphere, Trudy Gl. Geofiz. Observatorii im. A.I.Voeikova, St. Petersburg, 2010, pp. 7–27 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kotlyakov, V.M., On Causes and Effects of Current Climate Changes, Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika, 2012, issue 21, pp. 110–114 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones, P.D., New, M., Parker, D.E., Martin, S., and Rigor, I.G., Surface Air Temperature and Its Changes Over the Past 150 Years, Rev. Geophys., 1999, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 173–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Parker, D.E., Jones, P.D., Peterson, T.C. and Kennedy, J., Comment on “Unresolved Issues With the Assessment of Multidecadal Global Land Surface Temperature Trends” by Roger, A. and Pielke, Sr., et al., J. Geophys. Res., 2009, p. 114. URL: (Accessed 0404.2014).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Outten, S.D. and Esau, I., A Link Between Arctic Sea Ice and Recent Cooling Trends Over Eurasia, Clim. Change, 2012, vol.110, issue 3-4, pp. 1069–1075.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Monin, A.S. and Sonechkin, D.M., Climate Fluctuations From Observational Data: Triple Solar and Other Cycles, Moscow: Nauka, 2005 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Popova, V.V. and Polyakova, I.A., Change in the Period of Stable Snow Cover Decay in the North of Eurasia During 1936–2008, Influence of Global Warming, and Role of the Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation, Led i Sneg, 2013, no. 2, pp. 29–38 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    IPCC: Climate Change: Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2001. URL: (Accessed [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Assessment Report on Climate on the Territory of the Russian Federation. Change. General Summary, Moscow: Rosgidromet, 2008 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Strategic Forecast of Climate Changes of the Russian Federation for the Period Into 2010–2015 and Their Influence on Economic Sectors of Russia, Moscow: Rosgidromet, 2005 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kolomyts, E.G., Landscape Studies in Transition Zones, Moscow: Nauka, 1987 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shitatov, S.G. and Mazepa, V.S., Climate Dynamics on Polar Ural, Lesovedenie, 2007, no. 6, pp. 11–22 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Neishtadt, M.I., The World Natural Phenomenon–Swampiness of the West Siberian Plain, Izv. AN SSSR, Seriya Geogr., 1971, no. 1, pp. 21–34 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anisimov, O.A. and Belolutskaya, M.A., Assessment of the Influence of Climate and Permafrost Degradation on the Infrastructure in the Northern Regions of Russia, Meteorol. Gidrl., 2006, no. 6, pp. 15–22 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sherstyukov, A.B., Climate Changes and Their Consequences in the Permafrost Zone of Russia, Obninsk: VNIIGMI-WDC, 2009 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Filandysheva, L.B. and Soroka, A.S., Study of the Rhythms of the Winter Season in Light of Global Climate Changes, Vestn. Tamb. Univer., Seria Estestv. i Techn. Nauki, 2013, vol. 18, issue 2, pp. 710–714 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Novorotskii, P.V., Climate Change Within the Amur Basin, in Influence of Climate on Ecosystems Within the Amur River Basin, Moscow: WWF of Russia, 2006, pp. 22–42 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sapyan, E.S. and Filandysheva, L.B., Characteristics of Intra-Annual Dynamics of Thermal Regime of Natural Zones of the West Siberian Plain, Proc. Int. Conf. on Environmental Observations, Modeling and Information Systems–Enviromis 2014 (June 28–July 5, 2014, Tomsk), Tomsk, 2014, pp. 31–34 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Filatov, N.N., Climate Changes and Variability of the European North of Russia and Their Influence on Water Bodies, Arktika: Ekologiya i Ekonomica, 2012, no. 2 (6), pp. 80–93 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhilina, T.N., The Little Ice Age as one of the Holocene Climate Fluctuations and Its Consequences in Western Siberia, Vestn. Tom. Univer., Seriya Nauki o Zemle, 2010, no. 340, pp. 206–211 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hydrological Year-Book. The Basin of the Kara Sea (Western Part). The Basins of the Irtysh and Ob’ Rivers Downstream of the Mouth of the Irtysh River and of the Rivers of the Gulf of Ob’ Westward to the Boundary With the Barents Sea, Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1940–1983, vol. 6, issues 4–6, 8 and 9 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Savchenko, V.N., Lakes of the Southern Plains of Western Siberia, Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN, 1997 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Landscapes of the Swamps of Tomsk Oblast, N.S. Evseeva (Ed.), Tomsk: Izd-vo NTL, 2012 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Grebenyuk, G.N. and Kuznetsova, V.P., Fundament. Issledovaniya, 2012, no. 11, pp. 1063–1077 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Evseeva, N.S., Modern Morpholithogenesis of the South-East of the West Siberian Plain, Tomsk: Izd-vo NTL, 2009 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ippolitov, N.N., Kabanov, M.V., Loginov, S.V., and Kharyutkina, E.V., Structure and Dynamics of Meteorological Fields on the Asian Territory of Russia Under Intense Global Warming 1975–2005, Zhurn. Sib. Feder. Univer. (Special Issue “Climate Change and Ecosystems”), 2008, 1(4), pp. 323–344 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ippolitov, I.I., Kabanov, M.V., Loginov, S.V., and Kharyutkina, E.V., Structure of Meteorological Fields From Observational Data and Reanalyses, in Investigation of Natural-Climatic Processes on the Territory of the Large Vasyugan Swamp, Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN, 2012, issue 38, pp. 41–60 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lapshina, E.D., Flora of the Swamps in the South-East of Western Siberia, Tomsk: Izd-vo Rom. Univer., 2003 [in Russian].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. B. Filandysheva
    • 1
  • N. S. Evseeva
    • 1
  • T. N. Zhilina
    • 1
  1. 1.Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussia

Personalised recommendations