Polymer Science, Series B

, Volume 60, Issue 6, pp 806–815 | Cite as

Hyperthermic Agent Prepared by One-Pot Modification of Maghemite Using an Aliphatic Polyester Model

  • Tayana Cristina de Araújo Segura
  • Emiliane Daher Pereira
  • Luis Peña Icart
  • Edson Fernandes
  • Geiza Esperandio de Oliveira
  • Fernando Gomes de SouzaJr.Email author
Medical Polymers


This paper presents the preparation of a hyperthermic agent by the direct modification of magnetic nanoparticles via grafting of an aliphatic polyester model, the low molecular weight poly(lactic acid), PLA. This grafting was carried out in dispersion, where particles modified with lactic acid were grafted to the PLA using an aromatic diisocyanate. The prepared materials were studied by several techniques, such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and magnetic force. The results showed that the synthesis and modification of nanoparticles were performed successfully and that the obtained products presented magnetic force values able to make them useful in biomedical applications, such as magnetic hyperthermia. In this sense, the prepared materials heated using 200 A and 300 A presented Specific Absorption Rate equal to 1254 and 3762 W/kg, respectively. In other words, 20 mg/mL dispersions of these nanomaterials, heated using 200 and 300 A, can increase the temperature up to 39 and 69°C, respectively. Thus, tested media achieved temperatures which can induce tumor cell death, constituting an attractive alternative in the fight against cancer. Therefore, besides the low cost and ease of production, the materials produced here present encouraging results, which may allow their future use in cancer therapy.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tayana Cristina de Araújo Segura
    • 1
  • Emiliane Daher Pereira
    • 1
  • Luis Peña Icart
    • 2
  • Edson Fernandes
    • 3
  • Geiza Esperandio de Oliveira
    • 3
  • Fernando Gomes de SouzaJr.
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Instituto de Macromoléculas, Centro de Tecnologia–Cidade UniversitáriaUniversidade Federal de Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrasil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Farmácia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde–Cidade UniversitáriaUniversidade Federal de Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrasil
  3. 3.Programa de Engenharia Civil, COPPE, Centro de Tecnologia-Cidade UniversitáriaUniversidade Federal de Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrasil

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