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Glass Physics and Chemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 474–479 | Cite as

Alteration of the Acid-Base Properties of the Oxidized Surface of Disperse Aluminum during the Adsorption of Ammonium Compounds and the Antifriction Effect

  • A. G. Syrkov
  • M. M. Sychev
  • M. O. Silivanov
  • N. N. Rozhkova
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The number of active centers of disperse aluminum powder is determined by the spectrophotometric method using the Hammett indicators in the range of pKa values of 0.3 to 14.2; alteration of the distribution of the donor-acceptor sites on the surface as a result of the adsorption of quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) from the gas phase is studied. The curves of the distribution of adsorption sites of aluminum-based powders are built depending on the ionization constant pKa of the indicators. A sharp decrease in the number of active sites in the Lewis acid sites region is detected for Al/(A + T) sample, where alkamon (A) and triamon (T) are jointly adsorbed. The number of sites is halved at pKa =–0.3, 5, and 9.5. We reveal that the antifriction effect of a lubricant is enhanced as the acidity of the surface of the powder with the adsorbed quaternary ammonium compounds is decreased.

Keywords

disperse aluminum acid-base properties adsorption of alkamon and triamon indicator method antifriction effect in lubricants 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Syrkov
    • 1
  • M. M. Sychev
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. O. Silivanov
    • 1
  • N. N. Rozhkova
    • 4
  1. 1.St. Petersburg Mining UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg State Technological Institute (Technical University)St. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Grebenshchikov Institute of Silicate ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Geology, Karelian Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

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