Preparation and Application of Magnetically Recoverable Cationic Exchanger Support on Monodisperse Fe3O4 Nanoparticles
A magnetically recoverable cationic exchanger has been effectively prepared through immobilized chloroacetic acid (CA) onto the Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were synthesized by a coprecipitation method in an aqueous system. The MNPs were modified with sodium silicate and chloroacetic acid (CA), thus endowed these nanoparticles with strong magnetism and good dispersion. The physicochemical properties of the cationic exchange materials were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The magnetic properties of the cationic exchange materials were analyzed by a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The content of ions was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometric method. The prepared cationic exchange nanoparticles display an excellent magnetic property with a saturation magnetization value of 26.58 emu/g and the prepared exchanger possess considerable thermal stability, which indicating a great potential application in heavy metal ion wastewater treatment. In this experiment, the exchange capacity of lead ion was 3.4 mmol g–1, And the maximum lead removal rate is up to 73.85%.
KeywordsFe3O4 nanoparticles coprecipitation method cationic exchanger chloroacetic acid heavy metals
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