Impact of Industrial Pollution on the Age Structure of European Mole (Talpa europaea L.) Populations
- 1 Downloads
Analysis of age structure is a classical field in population ecology. Such an analysis in mammals has mainly been performed for game species. Much attention has been devoted to shifts in age structure under the impact of adverse factors such as overhunting [1, 2], selective hunting [3, 4], and climatic changes [5, 6].
Studies on the age structure of populations exposed to local industrial pollution are relatively few and deal mainly with lichens , plants [8, 9], fishes , birds [11, 12, 13, 14], and short-lived small mammal species [15, 16]. The population demography of long-lived mammals has been studied only under conditions of regional pollution [17, 18]. Relevant information on large mammals living near industrial facilities is lacking, because these animals are highly mobile and have large home ranges, which makes it difficult to study the impact from local pollution sources on their populations. The European mole (Talpa europaeaL.) is a long-lived species, despite a small...
Keywords:life span, population structure average age, copper smelter, habitat quality, heavy metals, cadmium, Middle Urals
The author is grateful to E.L. Vorobeichik, Yu.A. Davydova, and A. V Nesterkov for their discussion of the manuscript.
This study was performed under the state assignments for the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.
COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS
All applicable international, national, and institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
- 7.Mikhailova, I.N. and Vorobeichik, E.L., Dimensional and age structure of populations of epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. under conditions of atmospheric pollution, Russ. J. Ecol., 1999, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 111–118.Google Scholar
- 8.Khantemirova, E.V., Structure of cenopopulations of snakeweed under conditions of technogenic pollution, Russ. J. Ecol., 1996, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 297–299.Google Scholar
- 10.Moiseenko, T.I., Vodnaya ekotoksikologiya: Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty (Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Theoretical and Applied Aspects), Moscow: Nauka, 2009.Google Scholar
- 11.Eeva, T., Lehikoinen, E., and Sunell, C., The quality of pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) and great tit (Parus major) females in an air pollution gradient, Ann. Zool. Fenn., 1997, vol. 34, pp. 61–71.Google Scholar
- 16.Mukhacheva, S.V., Population reproduction of bank vole Clethrionomys glareolus (Rodentia, Cricetidae) in a gradient of technogenic pollution of the environment, Zool. Zh., 2001, vol. 80, no. 12, pp. 1509–1517.Google Scholar
- 17.Bondarev, A.Ya., Volki Zapadnoi Sibiri: chislennost', raspredelenie i zagryaznennost' (Wolves in Western Siberia: Abundance, Distribution, and Pollution Level), Moscow: Tsentrokhotkontrol’, 2013.Google Scholar
- 19.Katonova, L.N., Some features of sex and age population structure in the European mole (Talpa europaea), Zool. Zh., 1972, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 1214–1218.Google Scholar
- 20.Lodal, J. and Grue, H., Age determination and age distribution in population of moles (Talpa europaea) in Denmark, Acta Zool. Fenn., 1985, no. 173, pp. 279–281.Google Scholar
- 21.Nesterkova, D.V., Vorobeichik, E.L., and Reznichenko, I.S., The effect of heavy metals on the soil–earthworm–European mole food chain under the conditions of environmental pollution caused by the emissions of a copper smelting plant, Contemp. Probl. Ecol., 2014, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 587–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 26.Deparma, N.K., Krot (The Mole), Moscow: Gos. Izd. Tekh. Ekon. Lit., 1951.Google Scholar
- 27.Ivanter, E.V., Materials on the study of European mole (Talpa europaea europaea L.) in Karelia, Uch. Zap. Petrozavodsk. Gos. Univ., Ser. Biol. S-kh.Nauki, 1968, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 186–202.Google Scholar
- 28.Klevezal, G.A., Registriruyushchie struktury mlekopitayushchikh v zoologicheskikh issledovaniyakh (Recording Structures of Mammals in Zoological Research), Moscow: Nauka, 1988.Google Scholar
- 29.Monakhov, V., Age distribution in sable (Martes zibellina) populations, Abh. Ber. Naturkundemuseum, Gorlitz, 2005, pp. 135–150.Google Scholar
- 30.Rusakov, O.S., On the age and sex composition of mole populations, in Ekologiya mlekopitayushchikh i ptits (The Ecology of Mammals and Birds), Moscow, 1967, pp. 5–9.Google Scholar
- 31.Kiselev, V.E. and Voilochnikov, A.A., The European mole in an anthropogenically transformed landscape, in Vliyanie khozyaistvennogo osvoeniya lesnykh territorii Evropeiskogo Severa na naselenie zhivotnykh (The Effect of Economic Development of Forest Areas on Animal Communities in the European North), Moscow, 1987, pp. 43–49.Google Scholar
- 32.Deparma, N.K., On methods for determining the age of moles, Byull. Mosk. O-va Ispyt. Prir.,Otd. Biol., 1954, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 11–25.Google Scholar