Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 578–582 | Cite as

Impact of Industrial Pollution on the Age Structure of European Mole (Talpa europaea L.) Populations

  • D. V. NesterkovaEmail author

Analysis of age structure is a classical field in population ecology. Such an analysis in mammals has mainly been performed for game species. Much attention has been devoted to shifts in age structure under the impact of adverse factors such as overhunting [1, 2], selective hunting [3, 4], and climatic changes [5, 6].

Studies on the age structure of populations exposed to local industrial pollution are relatively few and deal mainly with lichens [7], plants [8, 9], fishes [10], birds [11, 12, 13, 14], and short-lived small mammal species [15, 16]. The population demography of long-lived mammals has been studied only under conditions of regional pollution [17, 18]. Relevant information on large mammals living near industrial facilities is lacking, because these animals are highly mobile and have large home ranges, which makes it difficult to study the impact from local pollution sources on their populations. The European mole (Talpa europaeaL.) is a long-lived species, despite a small...


life span, population structure average age, copper smelter, habitat quality, heavy metals, cadmium, Middle Urals 



The author is grateful to E.L. Vorobeichik, Yu.A. Davydova, and A. V Nesterkov for their discussion of the manuscript.


This study was performed under the state assignments for the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.


All applicable international, national, and institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

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