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Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp 406–412 | Cite as

Diversity and Nitrogen-Fixing Activity of Phototrophic Mycetobionts of Xylotrophic Fungi

  • V. A. Mukhin
  • E. N. Patova
  • M. D. Sivkov
  • I. V. Novakovskaya
  • N. V. Neustroeva
Article
  • 17 Downloads

Abstract

It is shown that the basidiocarps of many wood-decomposing fungi are inhabited by taxonomically and biomorphologically various eukaryotic (Charophyta, Chlorophyta, and Ochrophyta) and prokaryotic (Cyanophyta/Cyanobacteria) algae. They represent widespread eurybiont species and do not include any specialized mycetobionts. The communities formed by them have a host preference and green algae are their basic and obligate component, while other organisms are facultative components. Basidiocarps in which mycetobionts include heterocytic cyanoprokaryotes (Anabaena sp., Calothrix parietina, Hassallia byssoidea, Nostoc commune, N. punctiforme, Nostoc sp., and Scytonema ocellatum) are capable of molecular nitrogen fixation. Its activity is 0.044–0.903 mg of C2H4/m2/h in the basidiocarps of Bjerkandera adusta, Cerrena unicolor, Gloeophyllum sepiarium, and Trametes ochracea and 0.001–0.008 mg of C2H4/m2/h in the basidiocarps of Onnia leporina, Phellinus chrysoloma, Ph. tremulae, and Trametes pubescens. Basidiocarps without algae and those inhabited only by eukaryotic algae have no nitrogenase activity.

Keywords

forest ecosystems fungi Basidiomycota Agaricomycetes eukaryotic algae cyanoprokaryotes/cyanobacteria biodiversity nitrogen fixation symbiosis 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. A. Mukhin
    • 1
  • E. N. Patova
    • 2
  • M. D. Sivkov
    • 2
  • I. V. Novakovskaya
    • 2
  • N. V. Neustroeva
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biology, Komi Research Center, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesSyktyvkarRussia

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