Advertisement

Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 12, pp 1547–1553 | Cite as

Ecological Assessment of the Content of Cadmium in Soils and Crops in Southwestern Regions of the Central Chernozemic Zone, Russia

  • S. V. LukinEmail author
  • S. V. Selyukova
DEGRADATION, REHABILITATION, AND CONSERVATION OF SOILS
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

It is found that in Belgorod oblast during 2010–2014, cadmium mainly came into agrocenoses with organic fertilizers (0.4 g/ha, or 73.9%) and ameliorants (0.116 g/ha, or 21.4%). The lowest total content of cadmium in the A horizon (0.22 mg/kg) was noted in meadow-chernozemic soil (Greyzemic Stagnic Chernic Phaeozem (Clayic, Pachic)) developed on old alluvial calcareous deposits, and its highest content (0.42 mg/kg) was found in ordinary chernozem (Haplic Chernozem (Clayic, Pachic)), where loess-like clay is the main parent rock. Virgin leached chernozem (Luvic Сhernozem (Loamic, Pachic)) formed on loess-like loam, contained 0.33 mg Cd/kg in the A horizon, which almost coincided with the mean content of this element (0.32 mg/kg) in the plow layer of leached chernozems on reference plots. No exceeding of the tentative permissible concentration of cadmium was revealed in arable soils. In crops, the content of cadmium was highest in sunflower seeds (0.086 mg/kg) and soya beans (0.072 mg/kg), and lowest in peas (0.032 mg/kg) and white lupine beans (0.013 mg/kg). The biological adsorption factor varied within the range from 0.97 (while lupine beans) to 10.8 (sunflower seeds) for target agricultural crops and from 0.41 (while lupine straw) to 4.63 (soya straw) for side products.

Keywords:

chernozem heavy metal biological adsorption factor organic fertilizers total content 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Yu. V. Alekseev, Heavy Metals in Soils and Plants (Agropromizdat, Leningrad, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. P. Vinogradov, “General regularities of redistribution of trace elements between the plants and the environment,” in Trace Elements in the Plants and Animals (Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union, Moscow, 1952), pp. 7–20.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. P. Vinogradov, Geochemistry of Rare and Dispersed Chemical Elements in Soils (Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, 1957) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu. N. Vodyanitskii, “Standards for the contents of heavy metals and metalloids in soils,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 45, 321–328 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Temporal Maximum Permissible Level (MPL) of Some Chemical Elements and Gossypol in Fodder for Agricultural Animals and Food Supplements (State Agroindustrial Committee of USSR, Moscow, 1987) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Geochemistry of the Environment, Ed. by Yu. E. Saet, (Nedra, Moscow, 1990) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. P. Endovitskii, V. P. Kalinichenko, and T. M. Minkina, “Lead and cadmium in chernozem after application of phosphogypsum,” Pochvovedenie, No. 3, 340–350 (2014). doi 10.7868/S0032180X14030058Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. G. Zyrin and L. K. Sadovnikova, Chemistry of Heavy Metals, Arsenic, and Molybdenum in Soils (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1985) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. R. Zolotareva and I. I. Skripnichenko, “The content and distribution of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, and mercury) in soils of the European part of the Soviet Union,” in Genesis, Fertility, and Melioration of Soils (Pushchino, 1980), pp. 77–90.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. A. Izerskaya and T. E. Vorob’eva, “Heavy metal compounds in alluvial soils of the Middle Ob Valley,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 33, 49–55 (2002).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. B. Il’in, Heavy Metals in the Soil–Plant System (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1991) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V. V. Koval’skii, Yu. I. Raetskaya, and T. I. Gracheva, Trace Elements in the Plants and Fodders (Kolos, Moscow, 1971) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Red Data Book of Belgorod Oblast, Ed. by V. D. Solovichenko, (Belgorod State Univ., Belgorod, 2007) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    V. G. Mineev, Chemization of Agriculture and the Environment (Agropromizdat, Moscow, 1990).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Răuță and S. Cârstea, Prevenirea şi Combaterea Poluării Solului (Editura Ceres, Bucharest, 1983; Agropromizdat, Moscow, 1986).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. S. Sokolov, et al., “Evaluation of pollution of agrolandscapes in the North Caucasus and mitigation of its negative consequences,” Agrokhimiya, No. 2, 84–96 (1996).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. I. Fateev and M. N. Lysenko, “Transformation of heavy metals in soils with different buffer capacity,” in Heavy Metals and Radionuclides in Agroecosystems (Moscow State Univ., Moscow, 1994), pp. 137–139.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. A. Cherkasov, A. Kh. Kulikova, and D. A. Lobachev, “Dynamics of soil fertility in Ulyanovsk oblast in 1965–2015,” Dostizh. Nauki Tekh. APK, No. 4, 10–17 (2017).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    N. A. Chernykh, N. Z. Milashchenko, and V. F. Ladonin, Ecotoxicological Aspects of Soil Pollution by Heavy Metals (Agrokonsalt, Moscow, 1999) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. D. Chimitdorzhieva, A. Z. Nimbueva, and E. A. Bodeeva, “Heavy metals (copper, lead, nickel, and cadmium) in the organic part of gray forest soils in the Buryat Republic,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 45, 141–146 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    I. S. Shatilov, A. D. Silin, and N. A. Polev, “Improvement of soil fertility in the central chernozemic economic region of the Russian Federation,” in Proceedings of Joint Meeting of the Presidium of the All-Union Lenin Academy of Agricultural Sciences and its Russian Branch “Improvement of the Efficiency of Agriculture and Agroindustry in Belgorod Oblast,” Belgorod, June 6–7, 1989 (Rosagropromizdat, Moscow, 1990), pp. 33–43.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. A. Yagodin, S. B. Vinogradova, and V. V. Govorina, “Cadmium in the soil–fertilizer–plant–living organisms system,” Agrokhimiya, No. 5, 125–135 (1989).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. J. Bowen, Trace Elements in Biochemistry (Academic, New York, 1966).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Kabata-Pendias, Trace Elements in Soils and Plants (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 2011).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. V. Lukin, I. E. Soldat, and V. E. Yavtushenko, “Cadmium accumulation in agricultural crops dependent on the soil contamination level,” Eurasian Soil Sci. 33, 91–95 (2000).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    J. M. Pacyna, A. Semb, and J. E. Hanssen, Emission and long-range transport of trace-elements in Europe,” Tellus B 36 (3), 163–178 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    C. P. Rooney, R. G. Laren, and L. M. Condron, “Control of lead solubility in soil contaminated with lead shot,” in Proceedings of 7th International Conference on the Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Abstracts of Papers (Uppsala, 2003), Vol. 1, pp. 116–117.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    H. L. Schnetzer, A. Chetelat, and J.-M. Besson, “Auswirkung von Klarschlamm and Klarchlamm kompost auf den Schwermetallgehalt von Futterpflanzen im Gefapversuch,” Landwirschaftliche Forchung. 36, 343–352 (1980).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Q. Wang, Y. Dong, Y. Cui, and X. Liu, “Instances of soil and crop heavy metals contamination in China,” Soil Sediment. Contam. 10, 497–510 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. H. Williams and D. J. David, “The effect of superphosphate on cadmium content of soils and plant,” Austr. J. Soil Res. 11, 43–56 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Belgorodskii Center of Agrochemical ServiceBelgorodRussia
  2. 2.Belgorod State Research UniversityBelgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations