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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1095–1104 | Cite as

Anthropogenic Soils on the Territory of the New Jerusalem Monastery, Moscow Region

  • I. S. Urusevskaya
  • V. M. Kolesnikova
  • V. Yu. Vertyankina
Degradation, Rehabilitation, and Conservation of Soils

Abstract

The soil cover inside the walls of the New Jerusalem Monastery (in the city of Istra, Moscow region) has been completely transformed during the long history of anthropogenic loads on the local landscape. Specific anthropogenic soils have been formed from the technogenic deposits on the top and slopes of the monastery hill. These soils contain numerous artifacts; in their upper part, horizons with characteristic features of the modern humus-accumulative process have been developed. The major types of anthropogenic soils on the territory of the monastery—urbiagrostratozems, soddy urbistratozems, and soddy-calcareous urbistratified soils—have been described. The composition of technogenic deposits determines the shift of pH values towards the alkaline reaction, the high content of available phosphorus compounds, and the soil contamination with heavy metals. The post-alluvial gray-humus soils close in their morphology and chemical properties to the natural soils of the floodplain predominate in the soil cover of the park zone adjacent to the walls of the monastery in the Istra River valley.

Keywords

anthropogenic soils soils of monasteries urban soils 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Urusevskaya
    • 1
  • V. M. Kolesnikova
    • 1
  • V. Yu. Vertyankina
    • 2
  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Global Climate and EcologyRoshydromet and Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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