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Eurasian Soil Science

, Volume 51, Issue 9, pp 1050–1056 | Cite as

The Diversity of Bacterial Communities in Urban Soils

  • L. V. Lysak
  • E. V. Lapygina
Soil Biology
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

Urbanozems (Urbic Technosols) contaminated by heavy metals and polychlorbiphenyls (Urbic Technosols Toxic) and intruzems (Urbic Technosols Toxic) were studied in Moscow; additionally, we studied recreazems (Urbic Technosols Thaptohumic) and culturozems (Urbic Technosols Pantohumic) on the territory of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University (Aptekarskii Ogorod, the Apothecaries’ Garden). In the soils contaminated with heavy metals and oil products, the number of viable cells of bacteria decreased, whereas the content of filterable forms of bacteria increased. The taxonomic structure of saprotrophic bacterial complexes in contaminated urban soils was transformed towards an increase in the diversity of bacterial taxa atypical of natural undisturbed soils. Rhodococci (Rhodococcus genus) predominated in the soils contaminated with oil and polychlorbiphenyls, enterobacteria (Escherichia, Enterobacter, and Klebsiella genera) predominated in the soils contaminated with municipal wastes, and Arthrobacter genus was dominant in the soils contaminated with cement dust. Soils of both Botanical Gardens of Moscow State University were characterized by the high population density and specific distribution of bacteria in the profile; the structure of their saprotrophic bacterial complex had some similarity with that in the soils of more southern regions. The obtained data on the bacterial diversity of urban soils attest to considerable transformation of bacterial communities both in the contaminated urban soils and in the soils of botanical gardens.

Keywords

viability of bacteria filterable forms of bacteria saprotrophic bacterial complex 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityVorob’evy gory, MoscowRussia

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