Formation of a ZnO–C Composite with a Nanocrystalline Structure
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The formation of a nanocrystalline composite of a ZnO–C system with simultaneous mechanical activation of a mixture of zinc oxide and graphite powders in a ball mill in an inert atmosphere is studied. It is shown that the presence of graphite reduces the efficiency of dispersing ZnO crystallites. The following principal dispersion mechanisms of graphite are determined: the fragmentation of particles due to the impact of grinding bodies and the exfoliation of flakes by submicron zinc oxide particles. It has been established that a composite system is formed as a result of the prolonged mechanical activation effect on the ZnO–graphite mixture, which is a nanocrystalline zinc oxide powder with uniformly distributed inclusions of micro- and nanocrystalline graphite, turbostratic carbon, exfoliated graphene structures, and amorphous carbon.
This study was performed using equipment of the Analytical Center for Collective Use, Dagestan Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences and the Center for Collective Use Analytical Spectroscopy, Dagestan State University.
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