Physics of the Solid State

, Volume 61, Issue 11, pp 2200–2217 | Cite as

Effect of Annealing on Structural, Textural, Thermal, Magnetic, and Luminescence Properties of Calcium Fluoride Nanoparticles

  • V. G. Il’vesEmail author
  • S. Yu. Sokovnin
  • M. G. Zuev
  • M. A. Uimin
  • M. Rähn
  • J. Kozlova
  • V. Sammelselg


Mesoporous nanocrystalline CaF2 powder was produced by pulsed electron beam evaporation (PEBE) in vacuum. The specific surface area (SSA) of CaF2 nanopowder (NP) reached 88.7 m2/g. The effect of in-air thermal annealing in the temperature range of 200–900°C on the particle size, morphology, textural, thermal, magnetic, and luminescence properties of NPs is studied. A strong deviation from stoichiometry is observed in produced nanoparticles and a significant increase in the SSA after annealing at 200°C. The obtained CaF2 NP shows ferromagnetic (FM) behavior. The FM response appearance can be explained by the formation of structural and radiation defects. An analysis of pulsed cathodoluminescence (PCL) and magnetization curves of CaF2 NPs allows conclusions about their interrelation.


CaF2 nanoparticles pulsed electron evaporation 



The authors are grateful to S.V. Pryanichnikov for the X‑ray fluorescence analysis, T.M. Demina for textural and DSC-TG analysis, A.V. Spirina for recording and discussion of the pulsed cathodoluminescence spectra, and E.G. Vovkotrub for Raman spectra measurements. X-ray fluorescence analysis was performed at the Ural-M Shared Service Center of the Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg.


This study performed within the State contract no. 0389-2015-0026 was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 18-08-00514. This study was supported by the Estonian Ministry of Education, projects IUT2-24 and IUT20-54, and the project Namur + Ministry of Science and Education of the Estonian Republic. Magnetic measurements were performed within the State contract, project “Magnet” no. AAAA-A18-118020290129-5.


The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. G. Il’ves
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Yu. Sokovnin
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. G. Zuev
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. A. Uimin
    • 2
    • 4
  • M. Rähn
    • 5
  • J. Kozlova
    • 5
  • V. Sammelselg
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Ural Federal University Named after the first President of Russia B.N. YeltsinYekaterinburgRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  4. 4.Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Physics, University of TartuTartuEstonia
  6. 6.Institute of Chemistry, University of TartuTartuEstonia

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