Experimental Study of Spontaneous Emission in the Bragg Multiple Quantum Wells Structure of InAs Monolayers Embedded in a GaAs Matrix
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Time-resolved photoluminescence of a Bragg structure of InAs-monolayer quantum wells in GaAs matrix was experimentally studied with. Comparison of luminescence patterns from the side and from the surface of a sample showed that Bragg-type ordering of quantum wells leads to a substantial alteration of the photoluminescence spectra including appearance of additional radiative modes. The sample side spectrum contains a single line corresponding to a ground state of an exciton. The surface spectrum at high excitation levels a new radiation line appears whose frequency and propagation angle correspond to the Bragg condition for quantum wells. A numerical calculation of the modal Purcell factor explains why the radiative emission amplification occurs only at a set of specific angles and frequencies, as opposed to the whole range that satisfies the Bragg condition.
This work was funded by the Russian Science Foundation grant no. 16-12-10503.