Astronomy Letters

, Volume 44, Issue 12, pp 769–776 | Cite as

Cosmic Rays and Nonthermal Radiation in Middle-Aged Supernova Remnants

  • V. N. Zirakashvili
  • V. S. Ptuskin


A nonlinear model of cosmic-ray acceleration at the shock fronts in the supernova remnants W28, W44, and IC433 is investigated. The hydrodynamic evolution of a supernova remnant, including the shock modification by the pressure of accelerated particles and the streaming instability of particles upstream of the shock propagating in a partially ionized interstellar gas, is modeled. The electromagnetic radiation generated by accelerated particles is calculated and compared with observations in a wide range of photon energies.


supernova remnants interstellar medium cosmic rays gamma rays 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. A. Abdo, M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, A. Allafort, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, et al., Astrophys. J. 718, 348 (2010).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Ackermann, M. Ajello, A. Allafort, L. Baldini, J. Ballet, G. Barbiellini, M. G. Baring, D. Bastieri, et al., Science (Washington, DC, U. S.) 339, 807 (2013).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Aharonian, A. G. Akhperjanian, A. R. Bazer-Bachi, B. Behera, M. Beilicke, W. Benbow, D. Berge, K. Bernlöhr, et al., Astron. Astrophys. 481, 401 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Arnaud, M. Ashdown, F. Atro-Barandele, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, A. J. Banday, R. B. Barreiro, E. Battaner, et al., Astron. Astrophys. 586, 134 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. R. Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 182, 147 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. R. Bell, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 353, 540 (2004).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Beresnyak and H. Li, Astrophys. J. 788, 107 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. G. Berezhko, Adv. Space. Sci. 41, 429 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. G. Berezhko, V. K. Yelshin, and L. T. Ksenofontov, Astropart. Phys. 2, 215 (1994).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. M. Bykov, D. C. Ellison, A. Marcowith, and S. M. Osipov, Space Sci. Rev. 214, 34 (2017).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Caprioli, Nucl. Phys. B (Proc. Suppl.) 256, 48 (2014).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Cardillo, E. Amato, and P. Blasi, Astron. Astrophys. 595, 58 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Castelletti, G. Dubner, C. Brogan, and N. E. Kassin, Astron. Astrophys. 471, 537 (2007).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. Chevalier, Astrophys. J. 511, 798 (1999).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. O. Drury, P. Duffy, and J. G. Kirk, Astron. Astrophys. 309 1002 (1996).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. L. Ginzburg and S. I. Syrovatskii, The Origin of Cosmic Rays (Akad. Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1963; Pergamon, Oxford, 1964).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. Kang and T. W. Jones, Astropart. Phys. 25, 246 (2006).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. F. Krymskii, Sov. Phys. Dokl. 22, 327 (1977).ADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Lee, D. J. Patnaude, J. C. Raymond, S. Nagataki, P. O. Slane, and D. C. Ellison, Astrophys. J. 806, 71 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Lemoine-Goumard, in Proceedings of the IAU Symposium on Supernova Environmental Impacts, IAU Symp. 296, 287 (2014).ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. A. Malkov, P. H. Diamond, and R. Z. Sagdeev, Nat. Commun. 2, 194 (2011).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. F. McKenzie and H. J. Voelk, Astron. Astrophys. 116, 191 (1982).ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. S. Ptuskin and V. N. Zirakashvili, Astron. Astrophys. 403, 1 (2003).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. T. Reach, J. Rho, and T. H. Jarrett, Astrophys. J. 618, 297 (2005).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Slane, A. Bykov, D. C. Ellison, G. Dubner, and D. Castro, Space Sci. Rev. 188, 187 (2015).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. Spitzer, Physical Processes in the Interstellar Medium (Wiley, New York, 1978; Mir, Moscow, 1981).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. N. Zirakashvili and V. S. Ptuskin, Astrophys. J. 678, 939 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. N. Zirakashvili and V. S. Ptuskin, Astropart. Phys. 39, 12 (2012).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    V. N. Zirakashvili and V. S. Ptuskin, Astropart. Phys. 78, 28 (2016).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    V. N. Zirakashvili, V. S. Ptuskin, and H. J. Völk, Astrophys. J. 678, 255 (2008).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave PropagationRussian Academy of SciencesTroitskRussia

Personalised recommendations