Generation and Concentration of Terahertz Radiation in a Microcavity with an Open Quantum Dot
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A scheme to generate terahertz radiation by an array of quantum dots localized at the center of a semiconducting heterostructure is developed. Electrons are injected into the active part due to the source and drain Fermi energy difference induced by a dc electric field. The structure is placed inside a microcavity stimulating the electronic transition in the quantum dots accompanied by the emission of a photon to the cavity mode. This process is optimized using the filters formed by the quantum wells, which facilitate the electron density concentration in a quantum dot. The electromagnetic field radiated by the cavity in the waveguide can be used for a local effect on the charge qubits. The parameters of such a source depend on the working characteristics of the quantum dots and cavity.
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