Advertisement

Russian Journal of Marine Biology

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 558–571 | Cite as

The Results of Introduction of the Pike-Perch, Sander lucioperca, into Lake Khanka

  • M. E. ShapovalovEmail author
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

As reported in the 1930s, the level of the forage base in Lake Khanka could provide from 2600 to 17 000 t of fish. The low fish capacity of the lake was explained mainly by a high abundance of small non-commercial species. For the purpose of increasing the fish capacity, a proposal was made in 1961 to introduce the Pike-Perch into Lake Khanka. This fish was expected to provide 200–300 tons extra fish product a year and also increase the proportion of valuable fish species in the lake by “destroying harmful rough fish” within 10–12 years. The introduction of pike-perch into Lake Khanka was carried out in 1970–1978. An analysis of data on the current status of the pike-perch population in the lake shows that this species has formed a stable self-reproducing population, whose biomass is now comparable to the level of the native common predatory fishes (80–100 t). In preying mainly on the sharpbelly (genus Hemiculter) and other abundant rough fish, it does not compete with other predators. Nevertheless, the pike-perch provides 20 t of marketable product a year, being rated as the second or third most commercially valuable fish species in catches from the lake.

Keywords:

Lake Khanka pike-perch introduction population body length body weight age spawning diet abundance 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Vasnetsov, V.V., Stages of development of bony fishes, Ocherki po obshchim voprosam ikhtiologii (Essays on the General Issues of Ichthyology), Moscow: Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1953, pp. 207–217.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Golubkova, T.A., Ecological and biological characteristics and dynamics of the pike-perch stock in the Curonian Lagoon, Baltic Sea, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Kaliningrad, 2003.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goryainov, A.A., Barabanshchikov, E.I., and Shapovalov, M.E., Rybokhozyaistvennyi atlas ozera Khanka (Fishery Atlas of Lake Khanka), Vladivostok: TINRO-Tsentr, 2014.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zykov, L.A. and Slepokurov, V.A., An equation for estimating natural mortality of fish (exemplified by peled of Lake Endyr), Rybn. Khoz., 1982, no. 3, pp. 36–37.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Klenov, Yu.I. and Svirsky, V.G., Pike-perch in Lake Khanka, Rybov. Rybolov., 1974, no. 2, p. 25.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Knyazev, A.K., Mityushkin, V.A., Orlov, Yu.I., et al., Acclimatization of the European pike-perch in Lake Khanka, Rybn. Prom–st. Dal’nego Vostoka, 1961, no. 12, pp. 21–22.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kravtsov, M.V., Taxonomic characteristics of pike-perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) from Lake Khanka, Tezisy dokl. konf. molodykh uch. “Biomonitoring i ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie morskikh i presnovodnykh gidrobiontov” (Proc. Conf. Young Sci. “Biomonitoring and Rational Use of Marine and Freshwater Organisms”), Vladivostok: TINRO-Tsentr, 1999, pp. 52–54.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kravtsov, M.V. and Svirsky, V.G., Dispersal and distribution of pike-perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) in Lake Khanka, Tezisy dokl. konf. molodykh uch. “Biomonitoring i ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie morskikh i presnovodnykh gidrobiontov” (Proc. Conf. Young Sci. “Biomonitoring and Rational Use of Marine and Freshwater Organisms”), Vladivostok: TINRO-Tsentr, 1999, pp. 54–55.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kravtsov, M.V. and Tarazanov, V.I., Biological characteristics of the pike-perch Stizostedion lucioperca from Lake Khanka, Tezisy dokl. konf. molodykh uch. “Biomonitoring i ratsional’noe ispol’zovanie morskikh i presnovodnykh gidrobiontov” (Proc. Conf. Young Sci. “Biomonitoring and Rational Use of Marine and Freshwater Organisms”), Vladivostok: TINRO-Tsentr, 1999, pp. 55–56.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Krykhtin, L.M., Towards rational management of Lake Khanka, Rybn. Prom-st. Dal’nego Vostoka, 1961, no. 12, pp. 16–21.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Markovtsev, V.G., The causes of low fish capacity of Lake Khanka and the ways to increase it, Rybn. Khoz., 1979, no. 1, pp. 17–18.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pavlov, S.D. and Gabaev, D.D., Curonian pike-perch at the edge of the world, Rybn. Khoz., 2012, no. 2, pp. 85–87.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pil’shchikov, V.V., On acclimatization of pike-perch in Lake Khanka, Rybn. Khoz., 1980, no. 3, pp. 31–32.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pil’shchikov, V.V., The state of fisheries in Lake Khanka and the ways to increase catches, Tezisy dokl. 5 Vses. limnol. soveshch. “Krugovorot veshchestva i energii v vodoemakh” (Proc. 5th All-Union Limnol. Workshop “The Matter–Energy Cycle in Water Bodies”), Irkutsk, 1981, pp. 131–133.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pravdin, I.F., Rukovodstvo po izucheniyu ryb (preimushchestvenno presnovodnykh) (Guide to the Study of Fish (Mainly Freshwater Fish)), Moscow: Pishch. Prom-st’, 1966.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Svirsky, V.G., The ichthyofauna of Lake Khanka and the ways to reconstruct it, Vodoemy Sibiri i puti ikh rybokhozyaistvennogo ispol’zovaniya (Water Bodies of Siberia and the Ways of Their Use for Fisheries), Tomsk: Tomsk. Univ., 1973, pp. 44–46.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Semenchenko, N.N. and Podorozhnyuk, E.V., The common pike-perch Sander lucioperca (L) of the Amur River: acclimatization results, Chteniya pamyati Vladimira Yakovlevicha Levanidova (Readings Commemorating Vladimir Yakovlevich Levanidov), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2014, no. 6, pp. 611–618.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tarazanov, V.I., Abundance dynamics and distribution pattern of juvenile fish in the pelagic complex of Lake Khanka in early ontogeny, Chteniya pamyati Vladimira Yakovlevicha Levanidova (Readings Commemorating Vladimir Yakovlevich Levanidov), Vladivostok: Dal’nauka, 2001, no. 1, pp. 205–216.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tarazanov, V.I., Ichthyoplankton of Lake Khanka and Ussuri and Sungacha Rivers: species structure, distribution, and abundance, Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Vladivostok: TINRO-Tsentr, 2006.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shapovalov, M.E., On the issue of dietary habits of the pike-perch Sander lucioperca (Linnaeus, 1758) in Lake Khanka, Sb. materialov konf. mezhdunar. uchastiem “Regiony novogo osvoeniya: Sovremennoe sostoyanie prirodnykh kompleksov i voprosy ikh okhrany” (Proc. Conf. Int. Participation “Regions of New Development: The Current Status of Natural Complexes and the Issues of Their Conservation”), Khabarovsk: Inst. Vodn. Ekol. Probl., Dal’nevost. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2015, pp. 116–119.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shapovalov, M.E. and Koroleva, V.P., Time of spawning, fecundity, and reproduction ability of certain fish species in Lake Khanka, Izv. Tikhookean. Nauchno–Issled. Inst. Rybn. Khoz. Okeanogr., 2013, vol. 175, pp. 69–92.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Metodicheskoe posobie po izucheniyu pitaniya i pishchevykh otnoshenii ryb v estestvennykh usloviyakh (Methodical Guide to the Study of Feeding Habits and Food Relations of Fish under Natural Conditions), Moscow: Nauka, 1974.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific Research Fisheries Center (TINRO Center)VladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations