Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 74, Issue 11, pp 1127–1134 | Cite as

Automation of Microextraction Preconcentration Methods Based on Stepwise Injection Analysis

  • K. S. VakhEmail author
  • I. I. Timofeeva
  • A. V. Bulatov


We present a review of microextraction methods of separation and preconcentration, automated using the principles of equilibrium flow methods of analysis. The concepts and possibilities of automated methods of single-drop microextraction, dispersive microextraction, and homogeneous liquid–liquid extraction are discussed. The analytical potential of these methods is confirmed by some examples of analysis of food products and biological fluids.


single-drop microextraction homogeneous liquid–liquid extraction dispersive liquid microextraction automation equilibrium flow-through analysis 



The work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 18-33-20004.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Chemistry, St. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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