Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing

, Volume 54, Issue 11, pp 776–783 | Cite as

Structural Sensitivity of the Parameters of Asymmetric “Coercive Return–Magnetization” Cycle in Heat-Treated Low-Carbon Steels

  • V. N. KostinEmail author
  • O. N. Vasilenko
  • S. G. Sandomirskii
Electromagnetic Methods


It has been shown both theoretically and experimentally that as the tempering temperature of quenched low-carbon steels increases up 600–650°C, the values of induction on the asymmetric “coercive return–magnetization” cycle decrease monotonically at fixed, proportional to the coercive force, values of magnetic field. This effect is associated with a transition from structures with a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy (after quenching) to structures with three easy-magnetization axes (after hightemperature tempering). Within the model of prevailing 180° displacements, numerical estimates have been produced for the magnetic parameters of the “coercive return–magnetization” cycle in these magnetic structures. The estimates are in a good agreement with experimental data. It is shown that induction resulting from the inversion (polarity switching) of coercive field exhibits a structural sensitivity that is similar to that demonstrated by coercive-return magnetization and is therefore a promising parameter for magnetic structural analysis. It has been demonstrated that the proposed parameter can be measured locally using the DIUS-1.15M mobile hardware-software system.


magnetic structural analysis spontaneous magnetization vector remanent magnetization coercive return magnetization asymmetric cycle parameter hardware-software system of magnetic structural analysis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Vonsovskii, S.V. and Mikheev, M.N., Magnetic structural analysis, Zavod. Lab., 1957, no. 10, pp. 1221–1226.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Förster, F. and Stumm, W., Application of magnetic and electromagnetic nondestructive test method for measuring physical and technological material values, Mater. Eval., 1975, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 5–15.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mel’gui, M.A., Magnitnyi kontrol’ mekhanicheskikh svoistv stalei (Magnetic Testing of Mechanical Properties of Steels), Minsk: Nauka i Tekhnika, 1980.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shcherbinin, V.E. and Gorkunov, E.S., Magnitnye metody strukturnogo analiza i nerazrushayushchego kontrolya (Magnetic Methods of Structural Analysis and Nondestructive Testing) Yekaterinburg: Ural Branch, Russ. Acad. Sci., 1996.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kostin, V.N., Sazhina, E.Yu., Stashkov, A.N., and Tsar’kova, T.P., Relation between the residual magnetization and change in magnetization on steel and alloy return curves, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2001, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 864–871.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kostin, V.N., Somova, V.M., and Tsar’kova, T.P., Magnetic properties of heat-treated steels after dynamic and static demagnetization, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2008, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 690–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kostin, K.V., Kostin, V.N., Smorodinskii, Ya.G., Tsar’kova, T.P., Somova, V.M., and Sazhina, E.Yu., Choice of the parameters and algorithm for the magnetic hardness testing of thermally treated carbon steels by the method of regression modeling, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2011, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 89–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sandomirskii, S.G., Analysis of the structural and phase sensitivity of coercive force of hysteresis subloops in steels, Metally, 2014, no. 2, pp. 37–43.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sandomirskii, S.G., Analysis of the structural and phase sensitivity of the maximum differential magnetic susceptibility of steels, Metally, 2016, no. 4, pp. 45–51.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kostin, V.N. and Vasilenko, O.N., Local measurement of the coercive-return induction in the presence of a gap in the transducer-object combined circuit, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2012, vol. 48, no. 7, pp. 391–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
    Kostin V.N., Vasilenko, O.N., and Byzov A.V., DIUS-1.15M Mobile hardware–software structuroscopy system, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2018, vol. 54, no. 9.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Novikov, I.I., Teoriya termicheskoi obrabotki metallov (Theory of Heat Treatment of Metals), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1978.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schastlivtsev, V.M., Mirzaev, D.A., and Yakovleva, I.L., Struktura termicheski obrabotannoi stali (Structure of Heat-Treated Steel), Moscow: Metallurgiya, 1994.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chikazumi, S., Physics of Ferromagnetism, Oxford Univ. Press, 1997, 2nd Ed.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Vonsovskii, S.V. and Shur, Ya.S., Ferromagnetizm (Ferromagnetism), Moscow-Leningrad: OGIZ-Gostekhizdat, 1948.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Krinchik, G.S., Fizika magnitnykh yavlenii (Physics of Magnetic Phenomena) Msocow: Moscow State Univ., 1985.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kostin, V.N., Certain laws of irreversible change in the magnetization of polycrystalline ferromagnets, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2004, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 21–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gorkunov, E.S., Somova, V.M., and Buldakova, N.B., Comparison of reversible and irreversible processes during magnetization and magnetization reversal in heat-treated steels, Defektoskopiya, 1988, no. 1, pp. 51–59.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kostin, K.V., Tsar’kova, T.P., Nichipuruk, A.P., and Smorodinskii, Ya.G., Measurement of the hysteresis characteristics of pipe steels under elastic and plastic tensile strain, Russ. J. Nondestr. Test., 2011, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 593–602.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Kostin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • O. N. Vasilenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. G. Sandomirskii
    • 3
  1. 1.Mikheev Institute of Metal PhysicsUral Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.Ural Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  3. 3.Joint Institute of Mechanical EngineeringNational Academy of Sciences of BelarusMinskBelarus

Personalised recommendations