Doklady Earth Sciences

, Volume 484, Issue 1, pp 25–27 | Cite as

Geodynamic Regimes of Carbonatite Formation According to the Paleo-Reconstruction Method

  • L. N. KogarkoEmail author
  • R. V. Veselovsky


Three models of geodynamic regimes of carbonatite formation are now actively being developed because of the high trace metal potential of this rock type: carbonatite melt generation within the lithosphere mantle; carbonatite relation to orogenic zones; the formation of carbonatite complexes as a result of the ascent of deep mantle plumes. The application for the first time of a modern model of “absolute” paleotectonic reconstructions combined with databases (both our own and published) demonstrates the general relationship of occurrences of the Phanerozoic carbonatite magmatism to Large Low S–wave Velocity Provinces: those are allocated in the lower mantle and are zones of generation of deep mantle plumes.



This study was supported by the federal budget under a program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, project no. 0137-2018-0039 on the subject I.48P.


  1. 1.
    T. H. Torsvik, R. Van der Voo, P. Doubrovine, K. Burke, B. Steinberger, L. D. Ashwald, R. G. Tronnes, S. J. Webb, and A. L. Bull, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 111 (24), 8735–8740 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. R. Woolley and B. A. Kjarsgaard, Carbonatite Occurrences of the World: Map and Database. Geological Survey of Canada Open File Report 5796 (Geol. Surv. Canada, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. E. Ernst, Large Igneous Provinces (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Kogarko and R. Zartman, Mineral. Petrol. 89, 113–132 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Bell, Carbonatites. Genesis and Evolution (Unwin Hyman, London, 1989).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Kaminsky, The Earth’s Lower Mantle (Springer, Berlin, 2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. N. Kogarko, C. M. B. Henderson, and H. Pacheco, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 121, 267–274 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Domeier and T. N. Torsvik, Geosci. Front. 5, 303–350 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations