Peculiarities of the Composition of Volatiles of Diamonds Synthesized in the Fe–S–C System: Data on Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry
- 22 Downloads
The first chromatography–mass spectroscopy data on volatiles in diamonds synthesized in the Fe–S–C system with 5 wt % S at 1400–1450°C and 5.0–5.5 GPa indicate the evolution of volatile composition during the diamond growth and, correspondingly, the variation in redox conditions of the reaction cell. A significant role is played by various hydrocarbons (HCs) and their derivatives, the content of which can reach 87%. Our data on possible abiogenic synthesis of HCs (components of natural gas and oil) can result in global recalculations (including climate) related to the global C cycle.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.N. V. Sobolev, E. S. Efimova, and L. N. Pospelova, Geol. Geofiz., No. 12, 25–29 (1981).Google Scholar
- 2.H. O. A. Meyer, in Mantle Xenoliths (John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 1987), pp. 501–533.Google Scholar
- 3.A. I. Chepurov, Geol. Geofiz., No. 8, 119–124 (1988).Google Scholar
- 4.G. P. Bulanova, Z. V. Spetsius, and N. V. Leskova, Sulfides in Diamonds and Xenoliths from Yakutian Kimberlite Pipes (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1990) [in Russian].Google Scholar
- 7.A. I. Chepurov, I. I. Fedorov, and V. M. Sonin, Geol. Geofiz. 39 (2), 234–244 (1998).Google Scholar
- 13.A. A. Tomilenko, A. I. Chepurov, V. M. Sonin, T. A. Bul’bak, E. I. Zhimulev, A. A. Chepurov, T. Yu. Timina, and N. P. Pokhilenko, High Temp.—High Pressures 44 (6), 1–15 (2015).Google Scholar