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Russian Journal of Genetics

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 349–359 | Cite as

Genetic Differentiation of the Arctic Phylogenetic Group of Charr from Northeast Asia and North America

  • A. G. OleinikEmail author
  • L. A. Skurikhina
  • A. D. Kukhlevsky
  • E. I. Bondar
ANIMAL GENETICS
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Abstract

A comparative analysis of the mitochondrial DNA variability in Salvelinus taranetzi (and closely related taxa) from Asia and Salvelinus alpinus erythrinus from the Northwest Territories (NWT), North America, representing the Arctic phylogenetic group of charrs of the genus Salvelinus, has been carried out. The estimated divergence of the combined nucleotide sequences of the mtDNA CoI and Cytb genes and CR region within the discussed phylogroup varies in the range of 0.001–0.003 and does not exceed the intraspecific variability of S. taranetzi. A genealogical analysis confirms the phylogenetic proximity of S. a. erythrinus from NWT and S. taranetzi from Asia. By assuming a common origin of S. taranetzi and S. a. erythrinus, we have shown a significant differentiation between the geographical populations as a result of probable fragmentation of their common ancestor’s range. According to the hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA), the intergroup component accounts for the major part (83% of variance) of the mtDNA variability (490 bp, CR) with a low genetic diversity within the groups (10%). The region of Anadyr–Kolyma Basin, which determines the heterogeneity of the phylogroups, stands out on a broad geographical scale.

Keywords:

charr of the genus Salvelinus Taranetz charr S. taranetzi Arctic charr S. a. erythrinus NWT mtDNA CR CoI Cytb genealogy 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This study is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding ichthyologist Igor Aleksandrovich Chereshnev. We are grateful to S.V. Frolov (National Scientific Center of Marine Biology (NSCMB), Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (FEB RAS)), O.A. Radchenko (Institute of Biological Problems of the North, FEB RAS), and J.-S. Moore (Laval University, Institute of Integrative Biology and Systems, Quebec, Canada), who kindly provided the Salvelinus charr DNA preparations for the collection of the Laboratory of Genetics, NSCMB FEB RAS.

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project no. 15-04-01000).

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. G. Oleinik
    • 1
    Email author
  • L. A. Skurikhina
    • 1
  • A. D. Kukhlevsky
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. I. Bondar
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Department of Cell Biology and Genetics, Far Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia

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