Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 509–520 | Cite as

Chloroplast Retrograde Signaling System

  • N. P. YurinaEmail author
  • M. S. Odintsova


Modern ideas on the nature and functions of plastid retrograde signals, i.e., plastid retrograde signaling, predominantly of chloroplasts, are summarized. The main attention is focused on the participation of plastid retrograde signals in inter- and intracellular signaling pathways and their role in the processes of plant growth and development. The small amount of data on the little-studied retrograde signaling system of plant mitochondria are outlined as well.


higher plants chloroplasts retrograde signals metabolites transcriptional factors 



The present work was prepared with the partial financial support of the program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences no. 18 Molecular and Cell Biology and Postgenome Technologies of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grants no. 16-04-01626 and 19-04-00798) and a Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.


The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Federal Research Center Fundamentals of Biotechnology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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