Advertisement

Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 66, Issue 3, pp 414–423 | Cite as

Impact of Water Availability on Responses of Cucumis sativus Plants to a Short-Term Daily Temperature Drop

  • T. G. ShibaevaEmail author
  • E. G. Sherudilo
  • E. N. Ikkonen
  • A. F. Titov
RESEARCH PAPERS
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

Impact of relative air humidity (RAH) and watering mode on responses of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants to a daily short-term (2 h) temperature decrease to 10oC (DROP treatment) was investigated. Plants were grown at comparably high (80%) or low (30%) RAH under conditions of normal watering or in the mode of artificially created “periodic drought.” It was found that RAH and watering mode exhibit strong quantitative and qualitative influence on plant responses to DROP treatment. Under high RAH, DROP treatment exhibits significant morphogenetic effect increasing plant biomass and compactness. Under the conditions of low RAH, effects of DROP treatment on plant compactness were leveled due to strong morphogenetic effect of the RAH itself and significant decrease in DROP-treated plant biomass under “drought”. Watering mode influenced on the effect of DROP treatment in a different manner depending on RAH. At high RAH, DROP treatment, together with “drought,” led to increase in plant compactness as well as their chilling tolerance. Besides, these plants became more tolerant to water stress induced by low temperature (4°C). At low RAH, no increase in compactness of DROP-treated plants was observed.

Keywords:

Cucumis sativus low temperature water stress plant growth plant compactness gas exchange chilling tolerance 

Notes

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Hendriks, L. and Ueber, E., Alternative methods of regulating the elongation growth of ornamental plants: a current assessment, Acta Hortic., 1995, vol. 378, pp. 159–167.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Myster, J. and Moe, R., Effect of diurnal temperature alternations on plant morphology in some greenhouse crops: a mini review, Sci. Hortic., 1995, vol. 62, pp. 205–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Markovskaya, E.F., Sysoeva, M.I., and Sherudilo, E.G., Kratkovremennaya gipotermiya i rastenie (Short-Term Hypothermia and Plant), Petrozavodsk: Karel. Nauch. Tsentr, Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2013.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ueber, E. and Hendriks, L., Effects of intensity, duration and timing of a temperature drop on the growth and flowering of Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch., Acta Hortic., 1992, vol. 327, pp. 33–40.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Erwin, J.E. and Heins, R.D., Thermomorphogenic responses in stem and leaf development, Hort. Sci., 1995, vol. 30, pp. 940–949.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Markovskaya, E.F., Sysoeva, M.I., Khar’kina, T.G., and Sherudilo, E.G., Influence of a night temperature drop on the growth and cold tolerance of cucumber plants, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2000, vol. 47, pp. 445–448.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ikkonen, E.N., Shibaeva, T.G., and Titov, A.F., Response of the photosynthetic apparatus in cucumber leaves to daily short-term temperature drops, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2015, vol. 62, pp. 494–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ikkonen, E.N., Shibaeva, T.G., and Titov, A.F., Influence of daily short-term temperature drops on respiration to photosynthesis ratio in chilling-sensitive plants, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2018, vol. 65, pp. 78–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Shibaeva, T.G., Ikkonen, E.N., Sherudilo, E.G., and Titov, A.F., Features of reaction of different demands to the light hybrids Cucumis sativus L. on daily short-term performance and productivity, Tr. Karel’. Nauch. Tsentra, Ross. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Eksp. Biol., 2016, no. 6, pp. 56–64.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Stavang, J.A., Junttila, O., Moe, R., and Olsen, J.E., Differential temperature regulation of GA metabolism in light and darkness in pea, J. Exp. Bot., 2007, vol. 58, pp. 3061–3069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ikkonen, E.N., Shibaeva, T.G., and Titov, A.F., The role of light in cucumber plant response to a diurnal short-term temperature drop, J. Stress Physiol. Biochem., 2017, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 35–44.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Moe, R., Willumsen, K., Ihlebekk, I.H., Stupa, A.I., Glomsrud, N.M., and Mortensen, L.M., DIF and temperature drop responses in SDP and LDP, a comparison, Acta Hortic., 1995, vol. 378, pp. 27–33.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Carvalho, S.M.P., van Noort, F., Postma, R., and Heuvelink, E., Possibilities for Producing Compact Floricultural Crops, Wageningen: Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture, 173, 2008.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Drozdov, S.N., Budykina, N.P., Kurets, V.K., and Balagurova, N.I., Determination of plant frost resistance, in Metody otsenki ustoichivosti rastenii k neblagopriyatnym usloviyam sredy (Methods for Evaluating the Plant Resistance to Unfavorable Environment), Leningrad: Kolos, 1976, pp. 222–228.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heath, R.L. and Packer, L., Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplasts. I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation, Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 1968, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 189–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sysoyeva, M.I., Markovskaya, E.F., and Kharkina, T.G., Optimal temperature drop for the growth and development of young cucumber plants, Plant Growth Regul., 1997, vol. 6, pp. 1–5.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sysoyeva, M.I. and Kharkina, T.G., A method for quantifying the effect of temperature treatments on plant quality, J. Agric. Sci., 2000, vol. 134, pp. 221–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shibaeva, T.G., Sherudilo, E.G., and Titov, A.F., Response of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants to prolonged permanent and short-term daily exposures to chilling temperature, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2018, vol. 65, pp. 286–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wilson, J.M., The mechanism of chill- and drought-hardening of Phaseolus vulgaris leaves, New Phytol., 1976, vol. 76, pp. 257–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Janowiak, F., Effect of water saturated atmosphere on chilling injuries of maize seedlings (Zea mays L.), Acta Physiol. Plant., 1989, vol. 11, pp. 89–96.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mustardy, L.A., Thanh Tam Vu, and Faludi-Daniel, A., Stomatal response and photosynthetic capacity of maize leaves at low temperature. A study on varietal differences in chilling sensitivity, Physiol. Plant., 1982, vol. 55, pp. 31–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Markhart, A.H., III, Chilling injury: a review of possible causes, Hort. Sci., 1986, vol. 21, pp. 1329–1333.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    McKersie, B.D. and Leshem, Y.Y., Stress and Stress Coping in Cultivated Plants, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ikkonen, E.N., Shibaeva, T.G., Sysoeva, M.I., and Sherudilo, E.G., Stomatal conductance in Cucumis sativus upon short-term and long-term exposures to low temperatures, Russ. J. Plant Physiol., 2012, vol. 59, pp. 696–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Guye, M.G. and Wilson, J.M., The effects of chilling and chill-hardening temperatures on stomatal behaviour in a range of chill-sensitive species and cultivars, Plant Physiol. Biochem., 1987, vol. 25, pp. 717–721.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Honour, S.J., Webb, A.A.R., and Mansfield, T.A., The response of stomata to abscisic acid and temperature are interrelated, Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B: Biol. Sci., 1995, vol. 259, pp. 301–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Perez de Juan, J., Javier, J.J., and Sanchez-Diaz, M., Chilling of drought and non-hardened plants of different chilling-sensitive maize lines. Changes in water relations and ABA contents, Plant Sci., 1997, vol. 122, pp. 71–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Al'tergot, V.F., Mordkovich, S.S., and Ignat’ev, L.A., Principles for evaluation of drought and heat resistance of plants, in Metody otsenki ustoichivosti rastenii k neblagopriyatnym usloviyam sredy (Methods for Evaluation of Plant Resistance to Unfavourable Environment), Leningrad: Kolos, 1976, pp. 6–17.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    McCree, K.J., Whole plant carbon balance during osmotic adjustment to drought and salinity stress, Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 1986, vol. 13, pp. 33–43.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Thorne, G.N. and Wood, D.W., Effects of radiation and temperature on tiller survival, grain number and grain yield in winter wheat, Ann. Bot., 1987, vol. 59, pp. 413–426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. G. Shibaeva
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. G. Sherudilo
    • 1
  • E. N. Ikkonen
    • 1
  • A. F. Titov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biology, Karelian Research Center, Russian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

Personalised recommendations