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Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 65, Issue 6, pp 771–783 | Cite as

Principles of Calcium Signal Generation and Transduction in Plant Cells

  • S. S. Medvedev
Reviews
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

Calcium ions exhibit unique properties and a universal ability to transmit diverse signals in plant cells under the primary action of hormones, pathogens, light, gravity, and various abiotic stressors. In the last few years, considerable progress has been achieved in deciphering the mechanisms of Ca2+ involvement in the regulation of plant responses. Recent studies revealed the genes encoding Ca2+-permeable channels that conduct Ca2+ currents across the membranes during the transduction of the Ca2+ signal. These proteins comprise the ligand-gated Ca2+-permeable channels activated by cyclic nucleotides (CNGC) and amino acids (glutamate receptor-like channels, GLR), the voltage-gated tonoplast channel (two-pore channel, TPC1), mechanosensitive channels (MSL, MCA, OSCA1), and annexins. The role of Ca2+-ATPase and Ca2+/H+-exchangers in the active extrusion of excess cytoplasmic Ca2+ into the apoplast or cell organelles was examined in detail. The calmodulins (CaM), CaM-like proteins (CML), Ca2+-dependent protein kinases (CDPK), and complexes of calcineurin-B-like proteins (CBL) with CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPK) were found to produce intricate signaling networks that decode Ca2+ signals and elicit plant responses to external stimuli. This review analyzes the data accumulated over the past decade on the principles of formation and propagation of the calcium signal in plant cells.

Keywords

plants calcium calcium signaling Ca2+-permeable channels Ca2+-ATPases Ca2+/H+-exchangers calcium spikes waves oscillations Ca2+-binding sensor proteins signal transduction 

Abbreviations

ACA

plasma membrane Ca2+ pumps

[Ca2+]cyt

concentration of ionized cytoplasmic calcium

CaCA

Ca2+/cation antiporters

CaM

calmodulin

CAX

H+/cation exchanger

CBL

calcineurin-B-like proteins

CDPK

calcium-dependent protein kinase

CIPK

CBLinteracting protein kinases

CML

calmodulin-like proteins

CNGC

cyclic nucleotide-gated nonselective channels

DACCs

depolarization-activated Ca2+-channels

ECA

endoplasmic reticulum-type Ca2+-pumping ATPase

GLR

glutamate receptor-like nonselective channels

HACCs

hyperpolarization-activated Ca2+-channels

IP3

IP3—inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SV-channels

slow vacuolar channels

TPC1

two-pore Ca2+-permeable channel

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of BiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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