Volatile Organic Compound Analysis of Host and Non-Host Poplars for Trypophloeus klimeschi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Ipinae)
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Trypophloeus klimeschi Eggers was first discovered in Xinjiang Province and had strong selection specificity for Populus alba var. pyramidalis Bunge. There was an outbreak of this beetle in the northwest shelter forest of China, resulting in significant economic losses and loss of ecological benefits. Based on a prior long-term field investigation, T. klimeschi had a different extent of injuries for different ages of P. alba var. pyramidalis and other Populus in the same area were not selected by T. klimeschi. To further explore the specificity volatile compounds, this study involved selecting host and non-host trees to analyse the volatile chemical profile of host and non-host poplars of T. klimeschi. The main volatile compounds of the host poplar P. alba var. pyramidalis for different physiological statuses and those of three other non-host poplars (P. alba L., P. tomentosa Carr., and P. dakuanensis Hsu) were analysed through solid-phase micro extraction (SPME) coupled with thermal desorption and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The major compound groups were aldehydes, esters, alcohols, ketones, phenols, terpenes and alkanes. Comparative analysis of the changes in the different physiological stages of P. alba var. pyramidalis and other non-host Populus volatile substances was conducted, and the results showed that 2-hydroxy-benzaldehyde, nonanal, decanal, 2-methyl-butanal, (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol benzoate, methyl benzoate, methyl salicylate, geraniol and salicyl alcohol might act as attractants for T. klimeschi, and 2-hexenal, hexanal, 2-cyclohexen-1-one, caryophyllene, eugenol, benzyl alcohol, and eucalyptol could be deterrents for T. klimeschi. These experiments may lead to the optimisation of a synthetic lure that may be used to detect and monitor T. klimeschi.
KeywordsPopulus spp. Trypophloeus klimeschi volatile compounds attractants deterrents
solid phase micro extraction
gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
diameter at breast height
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