Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

, Volume 65, Issue 6, pp 784–800 | Cite as

Very Long-Chain Fatty Acids in Composition of Plant Membrane Lipids

  • A. V. ZhukovEmail author


Literary data on very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) that are present in polar lipids of the plant cell membranes are discussed. Large amounts of VLCFA are found in polar lipids of some cellular organelles as well as in nonextractable lipids from diverse plant objects, where the influence of surface lipids on the relative content of these FAs is excluded. In some plants, the VLCFA fraction in membrane lipids increases under several kinds of stress. Amounts and diversity of VLCFAs are lower in flowering plants as compared with the representatives of more ancient taxons—gymnosperms, ferns, and marine algae. Presence of VLCFAs in the composition of annular lipids of the cell membranes is assumed. Biosynthesis of VLCFAs, enzymes involved in the process, and encoding genes are discussed.


plants very long-chain fatty acids cell membranes polar lipids fatty acid biosynthesis stress 



acetyl–CoA carboxylase


acyl-carrying protein


di- and monogalactosyldi-acylglicerol


trans-2,3-enoyl–ACP reductase


endoplsmic reticulum


3-hydroxyacyl–ACP dehydratase


3-ketoacyl–ACP reductase




LACS—long-chain acyl–CoA-synthetase

PG, PI, PS, PC, and PE

phosphatidyl glycerol, -inositol, -serine, -choline, and -ethanolamine




sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol




very long-chain fatty acid


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Timiryazev Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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