Morphological Features and Rheological Properties of Combined Cellulose and Polyacrylonitrile Solutions in N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide
The combined solutions of cellulose and PAN in N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide at total polymer contents of 18 and 25% are obtained by solid-phase dissolution. The investigation of phase composition and morphology of these systems via optical methods shows that the solutions of cellulose and PAN in N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide are incompatible and form emulsions. The action of deformation on the emulsions leads to the appearance of orientational effects. If PAN predominates in droplets of the dispersed phase of cellulose solutions, this leads to the formation of fibrillar structures under shear stress, while in the case of PAN dispersion medium double emulsions are formed, in which internal droplets of the cellulose solution are most easily extended under shear. The rheological behavior of the combined systems is the direct consequence of structural-morphological transformations proceeding during deformation of the system. An analysis of the morphological and rheological features of heterophase systems reveals the concentration interval for the moldability of composite fibers from spinning emulsions.
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