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Petroleum Chemistry

, Volume 58, Issue 11, pp 911–922 | Cite as

Methanol Steam Reforming in Membrane Reactors

  • A. A. Lytkina
  • N. V. Orekhova
  • A. B. Yaroslavtsev
Article

Abstract

A brief review of recent scientific publications concerning the steam reforming of methanol in membrane reactors for the production of pure hydrogen is presented. The use of membrane reactors makes it possible to lower the temperature of this process by 100°C, increase the selectivity of the process, and practically eliminate the effect of catalysts’ carbonization. A substantial advantage of the use of membrane reactors is the possibility for removing a stream of high-purity hydrogen from the permeate zone. First of all, this applies to CO impurities, whose presence is critical for the use of hydrogen in low-temperature fuel cells based on proton-conducting membranes. The use of metallic membranes based on Pd makes it possible to directly use the hydrogen produced in the fuel cells.

Keywords:

hydrogen steam reforming of methanol metallic membranes palladium membranes membrane reactor catalysis hydrogen energy 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by the Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations of Russia within the framework of the state task to the Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Lytkina
    • 1
  • N. V. Orekhova
    • 1
  • A. B. Yaroslavtsev
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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