Advertisement

Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 783–797 | Cite as

Barremian-Aptian Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy in Zagros Basin (west Iran), Tethyan Realm

  • A. MahanipourEmail author
  • M. Eftekhari
  • M. Dastanpour
Article

Abstract

The calcareous nannofossils from the upper part of Garau Formation were studied in the NW Zagros Basin, western Iran (Kabir-Kuh section). The ca. 510 m thick studied interval is mainly composed of interlayered marls, marly limestones, marly shales, laminated black shales and limestones. The succession of nannofossil bioevents defines the stratigraphic range of the studied part of section spanning the interval from the early Barremian (CC5b/NC5C) to the late Aptian (CC7b/NC7B). Six primary calcareous nannofossil bioevents and eight secondary bioevents are recorded within the studied interval. The comparison of the recorded bioevents with those referred from other parts of the Tethyan and the Boreal realms indicates some diachroneity between these localities.

Keywords:

biostratigraphy calcareous nannofossils Lower Cretaceous Zagros Basin Iran Tethys 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors thank reviewers, Dr. E.A. Shcherbinina and Dr. V.S. Vishnevskaya from the Geological Institute Russian Academy of Sciences who kindly reviewed the version of the manuscript and gave many constructive comments that greatly improved quality of this paper. Funding for this study was provided by Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. Slides of nannofossil analysis are housed at nannofossil laboratory in Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran.

Reviewers E.A. Shcherbinina and V.S. Vishnevskaya

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Agard, P., Omrani, J., Jolivet, L., and Mouthereau, F., Convergence history across Zagros (Iran): constraints from collisional and earlier deformation, Int. J. Earth Sci., 2005, vol. 94, pp. 401–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aguado, R., Company, M., Sandoval, J., and Tavera, J.M., Biostratigraphic events around the Barremian–Aptian boundary in the Betic Cordillera (southern Spain), Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries, Brussels, 1995, vol. 6.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aguado, R., Castro, J.M., Company, M., and De Gea, G.A., Aptian bio-events—an integrated biostratigraphic analysis of the Almadich Formation, Inner Prebetic Domain, SE Spain, Cretaceous Res., 1999, vol. 20, pp. 663–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aguado, R., de Gea, G.A., and O’Dogherty, L., Integrated biostratigraphy (calcareous nannofossils, planktonic foraminifera, and radiolarians) of an uppermost Barremian–lower Aptian pelagic succession in the Subbetic Basin (southern Spain), Cretaceous Res., 2014a, vol. 51, pp. 153–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aguado, R., de Gea, G.A., Castro, J.M., et al., Late Barremian–early Aptian dark facies of the Subbetic (Betic Cordillera, southern Spain): Calcareous nannofossil quantitative analyses, chemostratigraphy and palaeoceanographic reconstructions, Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 2014b, vol. 395, pp. 198–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alavi, M., Tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Zagrosides of Iran, Geology, 1980, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 144–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Alavi, M., Tectonics of the Zagros orogenic belt of Iran: New data and interpretations, Tectonophysics, 1994, vol. 229, no. 3, pp. 211–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Alavi, M., Regional stratigraphy of the Zagros fold-thrust belt of Iran and its proforeland evolution, Am. J. Sci., 2004, vol. 304, no. 1, pp. 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aldega, L., Corrado, S., Carminati, E., et al., Thermal evolution of the Kuh-e-Asmari and Sim anticlines in the Zagros fold-and-thrust belt: Implications for hydrocarbon generation, Mar. Petrol. Geol., 2014, vol. 57, pp. 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Applegate, J. and Bergen, J., Cretaceous calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of sediments recovered from the Galicia Margin, ODP Leg 103, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program: Sci. Results, 1988, vol. 103, pp. 293–348.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Applegate, J.L., Bergen, J.A., Covington, J.M., and Wise, S., Lower cretaceous calcareous nannofossils from continental margin drill sites off North Carolina (DSDP Leg 93) and Portugal (ODP Leg 103): A comparison, in Nannofossils and Their Applications, Crux, J.A. and van Heck, S.E., Eds., London: Ellis Horwood Limited, British Micropalaeontol. Soc., 1987, pp. 212–222.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Barragán, R. and Melinte, M.C., Palaeoenvironmental and palaeobiologic changes across the Barremian/Aptian boundary interval in the Tethys Realm, Mexico and Romania, Cretaceous Res., 2006, vol. 27, pp. 529–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Berberian, M. and King, G., Towards a paleogeography and tectonic evolution of Iran, Can. J. Earth Sci., 1981, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 210–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bischoff, G. and Mutterlose, J., Calcareous nannofossils of the Barremian/Aptian boundary interval in NW Europe: Biostratigraphic and palaeoecologic implications of a high resolution study, Cretaceous Res., 1998, vol. 19, pp. 635–661.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bordenave, M.L. and Burwood, R., Source rock distribution and maturation in the belt, provenance of the Asmari and Sarvak reservoirs oil accumulations, Org. Geochem., 1990, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 369–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bordenave, M. and Hegre, J., The influence of tectonics on the entrapment of oil in the Dezful Embayment, Zagros Foldbelt, Iran, J. Petrol. Geol., 2005, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 339–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bottini, C. and Mutterlose, J., Integrated stratigraphy of Early Aptian black shales in the Boreal Realm: Calcareous nannofossil and stable isotope evidence for global and regional processes, Newsl. Stratigr., 2012, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 115–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bown, P., Calcareous Nannofossil Biostratigraphy, London: Chapman and Hall, Kluwer Acad., 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bown, P.R., Early to mid-Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton from the northwest Pacific Ocean, Leg 198, Shatsky Rise, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program: Sci. Results, 2005, vol. 198.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Bralower, T.J., Valanginian to Aptian calcareous nannofossil stratigraphy and correlation with the upper M-sequence magnetic anomalies, Mar. Micropaleontol., 1987, vol. 11, pp. 293–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bralower, T.J., Sliter, W.V., Arthur, M.A., et al., Dysoxic/anoxic episodes in the Aptian–Albian (Early Cretaceous), The Mesozoic Pacific: Geology, Tectonics, and Volcanism, 1993, vol. 77, pp. 5–37.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bralower, T.J., Leckie, R.M., Sliter, W.V., and Thierstein, H.R., An integrated Cretaceous microfossil biostratigraphy, in Geochronology, Time Scales and Global Stratigraphic Correlations, Berggren, W.A. Kent, D.V. Aubry, M.-P., and Hardenbol, J., Eds., SEPM Spec. Publ., 1995, vol. 54, pp. 65–79.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Van Buchem, F.S., Baghbani, D., Bulot, L.G., et al., Barremian-Lower Albian sequence stratigraphy of southwest Iran (Gadvan, Dariyan and Kazhdumi formations) and its comparison with Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates Publ., 2010, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 503–548.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Burnett, J.A., Gallagher, L.T., and Hampton, M.J., Upper Cretaceous, in Calcareous Nannoplankton Biostratigraphy, Bown, P.R., Ed., Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Acad. Publ., 1998, pp. 86–131.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Channell, J.E.T. and Erba, E., Early Cretaceous polarity chrons CM0 to CM11 recorded in northern Italian land sections near Brescia, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 1992, vol. 108, pp. 161–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Channell, J.E.T., Cecca, F., and Erba, E., Correlations of Hauterivian and Barremian (Early Cretaceous) stage boundaries to polarity chrons, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 1995, vol. 134, pp. 125–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Coccioni, R., Erba, E., and Premoli-Silva, I., Barremian–Aptian calcareous plankton biostratigraphy from the Gorgo Cerbara section (Marche, central Italy) and implications for plankton evolution, Cretaceous Res., 1992, vol. 13, pp. 517–537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Erba, E., Aptian–Albian calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy of the Scisti a Fucoidi cored at Piobbico (central Italy), Riv. Ital. Paleontol. Stratigr., 1988, vol. 94, pp. 249–284.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Erba, E., Nannofossils and superplumes: The early Aptian “nannoconid crisis”, Paleoceanography, 1994, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 483–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Erba, E., Channell, J.E., Claps, M., et al., Integrated stratigraphy of the Cismon Apticore (southern Alps, Italy): a “reference” section for the Barremian-Aptian interval at low latitudes, J. Foraminifer. Res., 1999, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 371–391.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ezampanah, Y., Sadeghi, A., Jamali, A.M., and Adabi, M.H., Biostratigraphy of the Garau Formation (Berriasian?–lower Cenomanian) in central part of Lurestan zone, northwest of Zagros, Iran, Cretaceous Res., 2013, vol. 46, pp. 101–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Golonka, J., Cambrian–Neogene Plate Tectonic Maps, Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, 2000.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Golonka, J., Plate tectonic evolution of the southern margin of Eurasia in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic, Tectonophysics, 2004, vol. 381, no. 1–4, pp. 235–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Herrle, J.O. and Mutterlose, J., Calcareous nannofossils from the Aptian–Lower Albian of southeast France: palaeoecological and biostratigraphic implications, Cretaceous Res., 2003, vol. 24, pp. 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Jamalian, M., Adabi, M.H., Mosavi, M.R., and Sadeghi, A., Geochemistry and petrography of Garau Formation with Neocomian-Aptian age in type section (Kabir-Kuh, Ilam province), J. Stratigr. Sedimentol. Res., 2011, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 1–26.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    James, G. and Wynd, J., Stratigraphic nomenclature of Iranian oil consortium agreement area, AAPG Bull., 1965, vol. 49, pp. 2182–2245.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mahanipour, A., Mutterlose, J., Kani, A.L., and Adabi, M.H., Palaeoecology and biostratigraphy of early Cretaceous (Aptian) calcareous nannofossils and the δ13Ccarb isotope record from NE Iran, Cretaceous Res., 2011, vol. 32, pp. 331–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Motiei, H., Stratigraphy of Zagros, in Treatise on the Geology of Iran, Geol. Surv. Iran, 2003 [in Persian].Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Navidtalab, A., Rahimpour-Bonab, H., Nazari-Badii, A., and Sarfi, M., Challenges in deep basin sequence stratigraphy: A case study from the Early–Middle Cretaceous of SW Zagros, Facies, 2014, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 195–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Negahdari, A., Ziaii, M., and Ghiasi-Freez, J., Application of discriminant analysis for studying the source rock potential of probable formations in the Lorestan basin, Iran, Int. J. Mining and Geo-engineering, 2014, vol. 48, pp. 31–54.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Patruno, S., Triantaphyllou, M.V., Erba, E., et al., The Barremian and Aptian stepwise development of the ‘Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a’(OAE 1a) crisis: Integrated benthic and planktic high-resolution palaeoecology along the Gorgo a Cerbara stratotype section (Umbria–Marche Basin, Italy), Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 2015, vol. 424, pp. 147–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Perch-Nielsen, K., Calcareous nannofossils from the Cretaceous between the North Sea and the Mediterranean, IUGS Ser. (A)6, 1979, pp. 223–272.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Perch-Nielsen, K., Recognition of Cretaceous stage boundaries by means of calcareous nannofossils, Proc. Symp. on Cretaceous Stage Boundaries, Copenhagen, 1983, pp. 152–156.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Perch-Nielsen, K., Mesozoic calcareous nannofossils, in Plankton Stratigraphy, Cambridge: Univ. Press, 1985, pp. 329–426.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Roth, P.H., Cretaceous nannoplankton biostratigraphy and oceanography of the northwestern Atlantic Ocean, Initial Rep. Deep Sea Drill. Proj., 1978, vol. 44, pp. 731–759.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Sarfi, M., Ghasemi-Nejad, E., Mahanipour, A., et al., Integrated biostratigraphy and geochemistry of the lower Cretaceous Radiolarian Flood Zone of the base of the Garau Formation, northwest of Zagros Mountains, Iran, Arabian J. Geosci., 2015, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 7245–7255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Şengör, A., Altıner, D., Cin, A., et al., Origin and assembly of the Tethyside orogenic collage at the expense of Gondwana land, Geol. Soc. London Spec. Publ., 1988, vol. 37, pp. 119–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Setudehnia, A., The Mesozoic sequence in south-west Iran and adjacent areas, J. Petrol. Geol., 1978, vol. 1, pp. 3–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Sharland, P., Archer, R., Cassey, D., et al., Arabian Plate Sequence Stratigraphy, Bahrain: Gulf PetroLink, 2001.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sherkati, S., Letouzey, J., and Frizon de Lamotte, D., Central Zagros fold-thrust belt (Iran): New insights from seismic data, field observation, and sandbox modeling, Tectonics, 2006, vol. 25, pp. 1–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Sissingh, W., Biostratigraphy of calcareous nannoplankton, Geol. Mijnbouw, 1977, vol. 56, pp. 37–65.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Takin, M., Iranian geology and continental drift in the Middle East, Nature, 1972, vol. 235, pp. 147–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Thierstein, H.R., Foraminiferen und nannoplankton aus einem profil durch santone Amdenerschichten in den ostlichen Churfirsten, Eclogae Geol. Helv., 1971, vol. 64, pp. 29–45.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Thierstein, H.R., Lower Cretaceous calcareous nannoplankton biostratigraphy, Geol. Bundesanst., 1973, vol. 29, pp. 1–59.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Vincent, B., van Buchem, F.S.P., Bulot, L.G., et al., Carbon-isotope stratigraphy, biostratigraphy and organic matter distribution in the Aptian–Lower Albian successions of southwest Iran (Dariyan and Kazhdumi formations), GeoArabia Spec. Publ., 2010, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 139–197.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Shahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Kerman Institute of Higher EducationKermanIran

Personalised recommendations