Relationship between Neuroticism Level and Results of Goal-Directed Behavior in Humans As Observed in the Model of Basic Endosurgical Training

  • 3 Accesses


The dynamics of heart rate variability (HRV), electromyography (EMG), and personal endoscopic success were studied in subjects with different extents of neuroticism. The study involved 87 men aged 18–24 years. A pronounced success in endosurgical training was typical of subjects with lower neuroticism scores, reflecting the quality of acquired motor stereotypes. An increase in the lengths of RR intervals during training was characteristic of subjects with higher neuroticism scores. Endosurgical simulator training was accompanied by an increase in the power of the HF-range in the low-neurotic subjects, while the parameter decreased in the high-neurotic subjects. Specific features of physiological support of goal-directed activity in the model of endosurgical training were established for subjects with different extents of neuroticism. The low-neurotic subjects were characterized by an increase in parasympathetic influences on the heart function during goal-directed activity in the model.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Fig. 1.


  1. 1

    Eysenck, H.J., The Structure of Human Personality, London: Methuen, 1970.

  2. 2

    Kamilov, M.A., Personal qualities determining the success of an athlete, Vopr. Nauki Obraz., 2018, vol. 2, no. 14, p. 138.

  3. 3

    Vasil’eva, N.M. and Petrash, M.D., Socio-psychological determinants of self-preservation behavior of medical personnel in the initial stages of professional activity, Nauchn. Issled. Vypusknikov Fak. Psikhol. S.-Peterb. Gos. Univ., 2013, vol. 1, p. 48.

  4. 4

    Nuikina, M.R., Should bring composure be trained at a medical student? Kontspt, 2017, vol. 31, p. 946.

  5. 5

    Kirillova, T.V. and Zabegalina, S.V., Adaptatsiya lichnosti sub”ekta ektremal’noi deyatel’nosti (Adaptation of Personality Involved into Extreme Activity), Ryazan: Akad. Prava Upr., Fed. Sluzhby Ispolneniya Nakazanii, 2018, vol. 1, p. 6.

  6. 6

    Degtiarev, V.P., Interrelation between personal characteristics of students and the successfulness of their training, Vestn. Ross. Akad. Med. Nauk, 2007, vol. 1, p. 31.

  7. 7

    Belousova, A.K. and Bagramyan, A.I., Features of personal accentuation of the surgeons, Materialy Mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii “Sub”ekt professional’noi deyatel’nosti: strategii razvitiya i riski” (Proc. Int. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “The Subject of Professional Activity: Development Strategies and Risks”), Rostov-on-Don: Donsk. Gos. Tekh. Univ., 2014, p. 123.

  8. 8

    Lasovskaya, T.Yu., Almadakova, O.A., and Zelenskaya, V.V., Dynamics of the level of psychological stress, depression, and symptoms of burnout syndrome in interns of different specialties at the stage of internship, Med. Obraz. Sib., 2014, vol. 4, p. 67.

  9. 9

    Merlo, L.J. and Matveevskii, A.S., Personality testing may improve resident selection in anesthesiology programs, Med. Teacher, 2009, vol. 31, no. 12, p. 551.

  10. 10

    Dimirtiev, D.A. and Saperova, E.V., Heart rate variability and blood pressure during mental stress, Ross. Fiziol. Zh. im. I.M. Sechenova, 2015, vol. 101, no. 1, p. 98.

  11. 11

    Gorshkov, M.D., Sovtsov, S.A., and Matveev, N.L., Simulation training in basic endosurgery skills, in Simulyatsionnyi trening po maloinvazivnoi khirurgii: laparoskopiya, endoskopiya, ginekologiya, travmatologiya-ortopediya i artroskopiya (Simulation Training in Minimally Invasive Surgery: Laparoscopy, Endoscopy, Gynecology, Traumatology, Orthopedics, and Arthroscopy), Moscow: ROSOMED, 2017, p. 71.

  12. 12

    Lutsevich, O.E., Rubanov, V.A., Tolstykh, M.P., et al., Factors affecting the rate of formation of basic manual skills in laparoscopic surgery, Mosk. Khir. Zh., 2017, vol. 55, no. 3, p. 47.

  13. 13

    Rubanov, V.A., Tolstykh, M.P., Vtorenko, V.I., and Shirinskii, V.G., Implementation of laparoscopic techniques in surgical practice, Mosk. Khir. Zh., 2017, vol. 55, no. 3, p. 40.

  14. 14

    Sloan, D.A., Donnelly, M.B., Schwartz, R.W., and Strodel, W.E., The Objective Structured Clinical Examination. The new gold standard for evaluating postgraduate clinical performance, Ann. Surg., 1995, vol. 222, no. 6, p. 735.

  15. 15

    Hogle, N.J., Liu, Y., Ogden, R.T., and Fowler, D.L., Evaluation of surgical fellows' laparoscopic performance using Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills (GOALS), Surg. Endosc., 2014, vol. 28, no. 4, p. 1284.

  16. 16

    Williams, T., Ross, A., Stirling, C., et al., Validation of the Global Rating Scale for endoscopy, Scott. Med. J., 2013, vol. 58, no. 1, p. 20.

  17. 17

    Niitsu, H., Hirabayashi, N., Yoshimitsu, M., et al., Using the Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) global rating scale to evaluate the skills of surgical trainees in the operating room, Surg. Today, 2013, vol. 43, no. 3, p. 271.

  18. 18

    Berdnikov, D.V., Apchel, V.Ya., and Bobyntsev, I.I., Psychophysiological organization of the regulation of purposeful activity, Ekol. Chel., 2016, no. 10, p. 37.

  19. 19

    Manandhar, K., Risal, A., Linde, M., et al., Measuring neuroticism in Nepali: Reliability and validity of the neuroticism subscale of the Eysenck personality questionnaire, Kathmandu Univ. Med. J., 2015, vol. 50, no. 13, p. 156.

  20. 20

    Gorshkov, M.D., Sovtsov, S.A., and Matveev, N.L., Basic endosurgical simulation training and certification, Al’m. Inst. Vishnevskogo, 2017, suppl. 1, p. 600.

  21. 21

    Kotel’nikov, S.A., Nozdrachev, A.D., Odinak, M.M., et al., Cardiac rhythm variability: approaches to mechanisms, Hum. Physiol., 2002, vol. 28, no. 1, p. 114.

  22. 22

    Mikhailov, V.M., Variabel’nost’ ritma serdtsa: opyt prakticheskogo primeneniya metoda (Heart Rhythm Variability: Practical Use of the Method), Ivanovo: Ivanovsk. Gos. Med. Akad., 2002, p. 13.

  23. 23

    Nikolaev, A.B., Klimenko, T.V., and Sudakov, S.K., Samodiagnostika KPD zhiznedeyatel’nosti (Self-Diagnosis of Life Efficiency), Moscow: Evr. Poligr. Sist., 2013, p. 12.

  24. 24

    Murtazina, E.P., Heart rate variability during reading instruction and its interrelationship with effectiveness of subsequent visual-motor activities, Hum. Physiol., 2015, vol. 41, no. 2, p. 135.

  25. 25

    Dvoenosov, V.G., Functional and psychological state of students with different vegetative tone in the conditions of exam stress, Uch. Zap. Kazan. Gos. Univ., 2009, vol. 3, no. 255.

  26. 26

    Popov, V.V. and Fritsshe, L.P., Heart rate variability: possible applications in physiology and clinical medicine, Ukr. Med. Zh., 2006, no. 2, p. 1.

  27. 27

    Dzhebrailova, T.D., Sulejmanova, R.G., Ivanova, L.I., and Ivanova, L.V., Individual specificity of the autonomic support of purposive activity in students performing computer-aided tests, Hum. Physiol., 2012, vol. 38, no. 5, p. 500.

  28. 28

    Baevskii, R.M., Assessment and prediction of the functional state of the organism and its development in space medicine, Usp. Fiziol. Nauk, 2006, vol. 37, no. 3, p. 42.

  29. 29

    Babunts, I.V., Miradzhanyan, E.M., and Mashahah, Yu.A., Azbuka analiza variabel’nosti serdechnogo ritma (The ABC of Heart Rate Variability Analysis), Stavropol: Printmaster, 2002, p. 45.

  30. 30

    Korobeinikova, I.I., Dudnik, E.N., Gruich, N., et al., Comparative analysis of the psychophysiological parameters of the system quanta of performance in physically trained and untrained subjects, Hum. Physiol., 2008, vol. 34, no. 3, p. 330.

Download references


We are grateful to staff of the Chair of Normal Physiology and Medical Physics (Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow) for help in organizing the study.


This work was supported by a federal budget grant to the Anokhin Institute of Normal Physiology.

Author information

Correspondence to A. V. Klimenko.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no real or potential conflict of interest with respect to publication of this article.

Statement of compliance with standards of research involving humans as subjects. All studies were in accordance with the biomedical ethical standards of the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments and were approved by the Local Ethics Committee at the Anokhin Institute of Normal Physiology (Moscow). All participants voluntarily gave their written informed consent for participation after being informed about potential risks and benefits and the study procedure.

Additional information

Translated by T. Tkacheva

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Klimenko, A.V., Percov, S.S. & Yakovenko, I.Y. Relationship between Neuroticism Level and Results of Goal-Directed Behavior in Humans As Observed in the Model of Basic Endosurgical Training. Hum Physiol 45, 642–648 (2019).

Download citation


  • goal-directed behavior
  • neuroticism
  • heart rate variability
  • electromyography
  • endosurgical training
  • endo trainer
  • motor stereotypes