Advertisement

Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 1029–1038 | Cite as

A Three-Dimensional Model for Evaluating the Performance of Tubular-Shaped PEM by CFD Simulation

  • M. M. SabzehmeidaniEmail author
  • B. ZareNezhad
Article
  • 5 Downloads

Abstract

The CFD simulation of a tubular-shaped proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell in the patterns co-current flow for evaluation of the effects of different influencing parameters on fuel cell performance is presented. The model considers transport phenomena in a fuel cell involving mass and momentum transfer, electrode kinetics, and potential fields. The governing equations coupled with the CFD model are then solved using the finite element method. The predicted cell potentials are in good agreement with the available experimental data. The parametric studies have been conducted to characterize the effects of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) porosity and length, the inlet velocity of gases, and the hydrogen channel diameter on various cell performance parameters such as the concentration of reactants/products and cell current densities. The effect of the length and diameter of the channel on cell current density and the optimum gas diffusion layer porosity at a given hydrogen channel diameter to obtain the maximum current density is determined. In this work, a systematic procedure to optimize PEM fuel cell gas channels in the systems bipolar plates with the aim of globally optimizing the overall system net power performance was carried out.

Keywords:

tubular PEM fuel cell computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation material parameters current density 

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Kumar, A., Mishra, S., Tripathi, B., Kumar, P., and Sharma, I.H., Aerodynamic simulation, thermal and fuel consumption analysis of hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicle, Int. J. Veh. Struct. Syst., 2015, vol. 7, pp. 31–35. https://doi.org/10.4273/ijvss.7.1.06CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zaidi, S.M.J., Rahman, S.U., and Zaidi, H.H., R&D activities of fuel cell research at KFUPM, Desalination, 2007, vol. 209, pp. 319–327. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.desal.2007.04.046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sadeghzadeh, K. and Salehi, M.B., Mathematical analysis of fuel cell strategic technologies development solutions in the automotive industry by the TOPSIS multi-criteria decision making method, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2011, vol. 36, pp. 13272–13280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.07.064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khorasani, M.R.A., Asghari, S., Mokmeli, A., Shahsamandi, M.H., and Imani, B.F., A diagnosis method for identification of the defected cell(s) in the PEM fuel cells, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2010, vol. 35, pp. 9269–9275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.04.157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arasti, M.R. and Moghaddam, N.B., Use of technology mapping in identification of fuel cell sub-technologies, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2010, vol. 35, pp. 9516–9525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wu, H.-W., A review of recent development: Transport and performance modeling of PEM fuel cells, Appl. Energy, 2016, vol. 165, pp. 81–106. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.12.075CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Manso, A.P., Marzo, F.F., Barranco, J., Garikano, X., and Mujika, M.G., Influence of geometric parameters of the flow fields on the performance of a PEM fuel cell. A review, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2012, vol. 37, pp. 15256–15287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Al-Baghdadi, M.A.R.S., Studying the effect of material parameters on cell performance of tubular-shaped PEM fuel cell, Energy Convers. Manage., 2008, vol. 49, pp. 2986–2996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.06.018CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ahmadi, N., Rezazadeh, S., Mirzaee, I., and Pourmahmoud, N., Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamic analysis of the conventional PEM fuel cell and investigation of prominent gas diffusion layers effect, J. Mech. Sci. Technol., 2012, vol. 26, pp. 2247–2257. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-012-0606-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ismail, M.S., Hughes, K.J., Ingham, D.B., Ma, L., and Pourkashanian, M., Effects of anisotropic permeability and electrical conductivity of gas diffusion layers on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells, Appl. Energy, 2012, vol. 95, pp. 50–63. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.02.003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Grujicic, M., Zhao, C.L., Chittajallu, K.M., and Ochterbeck, J.M., Cathode and interdigitated air distributor geometry optimization in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, Mater. Sci. Eng. B., 2004, vol. 108, pp. 241–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.mseb.2004.01.005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    De Francesco, M., Arato, E., and Costa, P., Transport phenomena in membranes for PEMFC applications: An analytical approach to the calculation of membrane resistance, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 132, pp. 127–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.01.044CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Litster, S., Sinton, D., and Djilali, N., Ex situ visualization of liquid water transport in PEM fuel cell gas diffusion layers, J. Power Sources, 2006, vol. 154, pp. 95–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.03.199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dutta, S., Shimpalee, S., and Van Zee, J.W., Numerical prediction of mass-exchange between cathode and anode channels in a PEM fuel cell, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 2001, vol. 44, pp. 2029–2042. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0017-9310(00)00257-XCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Litster, S. and McLean, G., PEM fuel cell electrodes, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 130, pp. 61–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.12.055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Shao, Y., Yin, G., and Gao, Y., Understanding and approaches for the durability issues of Pt-based catalysts for PEM fuel cell, J. Power Sources, 2007, vol. 171, pp. 558–566. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.07.004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gasteiger, H.A., Panels, J.E., and Yan, S.G., Dependence of PEM fuel cell performance on catalyst loading, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 127, pp. 162–171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.09.013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Futerko, P. and Hsing, I.-M., Two-dimensional finite-element method study of the resistance of membranes in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, Electrochim. Acta, 2000, vol. 45, pp. 1741–1751. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/S0013-4686(99)00394-1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rodatz, P., Büchi, F., Onder, C., and Guzzella, L., Operational aspects of a large PEFC stack under practical conditions, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 128, pp. 208–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ahmed, D.H. and Sung, H.J., Effects of channel geometrical configuration and shoulder width on PEMFC performance at high current density, J. Power Sources, 2006, vol. 162, pp. 327–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Al-Baghdadi, M.A.R.S., Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model of a tubular-shaped PEM fuel cell, Renewable Energy, 2008, vol. 33, pp. 1334–1345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    ZareNezhad, B. and Sabzemeidani, M.M., Predicting the effect of cell geometry and fluid velocity on PEM fuel cell performance by CFD simulation, J. Chem. Technol. Metall., 2015, vol. 50, pp. 176–182.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Al-Baghdadi, M., Three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics model of a tubular-shaped ambient air-breathing proton exchange membrane fuel cell, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part A, 2008, vol. 222, pp. 569–585.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nguyen, P.T., Berning, T., and Djilali, N., Computational model of a PEM fuel cell with serpentine gas flow channels, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 130, pp. 149–157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.12.027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Siegel, N.P., Ellis, M.W., Nelson, D.J., and von Spakovsky, M.R., A two-dimensional computational model of a PEMFC with liquid water transport, J. Power Sources, 2004, vol. 128, pp. 173–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.09.072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wang, L., Husar, A., Zhou, T., and Liu, H., A parametric study of PEM fuel cell performances, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2003, vol. 28, pp. 1263–1272. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-3199(02)00284-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical, Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Semnan UniversitySemnanIran

Personalised recommendations