Russian Metallurgy (Metally)

, Volume 2019, Issue 13, pp 1487–1491 | Cite as

State of Stress in Cylindrical Parts during Transverse Straightening

  • S. A. ZaidesEmail author
  • Le Hong Quang


Straightening by transverse bending followed by hardening by surface plastic deformation based on transverse spinning of cylindrical parts by flat plates is suggested to restore the shape of distorted low-rigidity cylindrical parts, such as shafts and axles. The Ansys Workbench software package is used to estimate the state of stress in a cylindrical part during transverse straightening. The distributions of the working and residual stresses over the cross section of a cylinder are obtained as a function of the relative reduction.


straightening flexure transverse spinning stress intensity residual stress low-rigidity cylindrical part finite element 



  1. 1.
    A. S. Bubnov and S. A. Zaides, “Straightening of low-rigidity rod parts,” in Increasing the Efficiency of Technological Preparation in Mechanical Engineering, Ed. by D. A. Zhuravlev (Izd. IrGTU, Irkutsk, 2002), pp. 149–152.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. P. Ivanov and A. P. Kastryuk, “Main trends in resource saving in repair industry,” in GOSNITI Transactions: Maintenance, Repair (GOSNITI, Moscow, 2013), Vol. 112, Part 2, pp. 15–18.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. V. Muratkin and I. V. Katova, “Mathematical model of straightening by surface plastic deformation with preliminary bending of a blank,” Obrab. Met. Davlen., No. 6, 27–31 (2004).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. A. Zaides and K. V. Nguyen, “Influence of surface plastic deformation on the flexural rigidity of shafts,” Russ. Eng. Res. 36 (12), 1008–1011 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. I. Manilo, S. G. Tyutrin, A. A. Gorodskikh, et al., “Increasing the accuracy of the orientation of shafts with surface defects during their straightening on presses,” in Proceedings of International Conference on Innovations and Investigations in Transport Complex (Ross. Transport. Akadem., Kurgan, 2013), pp. 86–87.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. S. Bubnov, “Technological possibilities of the straightening of low-rigidity cylindrical parts by confined compression,” Vestn. IrGTU, No. 4, 68–75 (2006).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. A. Zaides and V. H. Nguyen, “Improving the flexural rigidity of cold-finished steel,” Steel in Translation 46 (7), 505–509 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. A. Zaides and A. V. Gorbunov, “Improvement of low-rigidity shafts by centrifugal rolling,” Russ. Eng. Res. 36 (3), 213–217 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. A. Zaides and Le Khong Kuang, “Analytical calculation of the main parameters of the straightening of low-rigidity cylindrical parts by transverse spinning with flat plates,” Vestn. IrGTU, 22 (3), 24–34 (2018).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    I. A. Birger, Residual Stresses (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1963).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. S. Makarevich, Zh. A. Mrochek, L. M. Kozhuro, et al., Residual Stresses (UP Tekhnoprint, Minsk, 2003).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. N. Saushkin, V. P. Radchenko, and V. F. Pavlov, “Method for calculating the fields of residual stresses and plastic deformation in cylindrical samples with allowance for the anisotropy of surface hardening,” Prikl. Mekh. Tekhn. Fiz. 52 (2), 173–182 (2011).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. G. Romanova and A. O. Drachev, “Calculation of the technological conditions during cold straightening of shafts by bending,” Izv. VolgGTU 4 (9(47)), 99–102 (2008).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. A. Zaides and N. Van Khuan, “Influence of parameters of the calibration process on bending stiffness of steel rod. Part 1. Determination of residual stresses in the calibrated rod,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Chern. Metall. 60 (11), 870–876 (2017).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. A. Basov, ANSYS in Examples and Problems, Ed. by D. G. Kraskovskii (Komp. Press, Moscow, 2002).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chen Xiaolin and Liu Yiijun, Finite Element Modeling and Simulation with ANSYS Workbench (CRC Press, 2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. A. Zaides and Van Khuan Nguen, “Effect of the relative reduction on the bending stiffness of long shafts,” Tekhn. Metallov, No. 2, 3–8 (2017).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Irkutsk National Technical UniversityIrkutskRussia

Personalised recommendations