Elastic Hysteretic Properties of Damping Composite Materials for Rail Transport at Low Temperatures under Static and Dynamic Loading

Abstract—The stiffness and damping properties of various-thickness samples made of a composite material based on a rubber mixture, rubber fiber composite material, and thermoplastic elastomers of various stiffnesses are studied under static and dynamic loading conditions at a temperature of 23 and –40°C. The composites based on a rubber mixture and the rubber fiber composites are recommended for the dampers that work in regions with low climatic temperatures. The stiffness and damping properties of a real object are assumed to be estimated using the elastic hysteretic properties of a test sample.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.


  1. 1

    V. P. Matveenko, O. Yu. Smetannikova, N. A. Trufanov, and I. N. Shardakov, Thermomechanics of Polymer Materials under Relaxation Transition Conditions (Fizmatlit, Moscow, 2009).

  2. 2

    G. M. Bartenev and S. Ya. Frenkel’, Physics of Polymers, Ed. by A. M. El’yashevich (Khimiya, Leningrad, 1990).

  3. 3

    V. N. Kuleznev and V. A. Shershnev, Chemistry and Physics of Polymers (Koloss, Moscow, 2007).

  4. 4

    L. V. Sokolova, “Vitrification of polymers and low-molecular liquids,” Plastich. Massy, No. 5, 13–21 (2006).

  5. 5

    T. R. Manley, “Thermal analysis of polymers,” Pure Appl. Chem. 61 (8), 1353–1360 (1989).

  6. 6

    M. F. Bukhina and S. K. Kurlyand, Cold Resistance of Elastomers (Khimiya, Moscow, 1989).

  7. 7

    A. V. Afanas’ev, L. N. Rabinskii, and P. V. Shershak, “Experimental determination of deformation and strength characteristics of polymer composite materials,” Mekhan. Kompoz. Mater. Konstr. 16 (2), 214–232 (2010).

  8. 8

    V. K. Semenov and A. E. Belkin, “Experimental study of the hysteretic properties of protector rubber under the cyclic loading conditions characteristic of tires,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Mashinostr., No. 2, 9–14 (2013).

  9. 9

    E. G. Kurzina, A. G. Kolmakov, Yu. N. Aksenov, A. M. Kurzina, A. Yu. Bogachev, and A. V. Semak, “Comparison of the composite materials intended for damping elements for the infrastructure of rail transport and rolling stock,” Deform. Razrushenie Mater., No. 12, 39–48 (2018).

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to E. G. Kurzina.

Additional information

Translated by K. Shakhlevich

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kurzina, E.G., Kolmakov, A.G., Aksenov, Y.N. et al. Elastic Hysteretic Properties of Damping Composite Materials for Rail Transport at Low Temperatures under Static and Dynamic Loading. Russ. Metall. 2019, 1138–1142 (2019) doi:10.1134/S0036029519100161

Download citation


  • composite materials
  • damping materials
  • elastic hysteretic properties
  • static loading
  • dynamic loading
  • low-temperature action
  • stiffness
  • relative hysteresis
  • useful elasticity
  • mechanical losses