Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A

, Volume 93, Issue 11, pp 2167–2173 | Cite as

Microwave Assisted Synthesis of CdS Sub-microspheres for Degradation of Chlorophenols under Solar Light Irradiation

  • Faisal Al Marzouqi
  • Kawther Al Ismail
  • Kezhen Qi
  • Shu-Yuan LiuEmail author
  • Rengaraj SelvarajEmail author


CdS sub-microspheres were prepared by using microwave-assisted method in this work. The prepared CdS sub-microspheres were characterized by various analytical techniques. The XRD result revealed that the CdS samples have mixed phases of cubic and hexagonal crystal structure. UV-DRS measurement has been used to investigate the optical properties of CdS sub-microspheres, which indicate that they possess a band gap of 2.4 eV. XPS and EDS data proved the stoichiometry of CdS sub-microspheres. In addition, SEM images showed the morphology of the CdS sub-microspheres. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity of the prepared CdS sub-microspheres was examined by the degradation of toxic chlorophenols wastewater pollutants which are 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP. The CdS sub-microspheres exhibit an excellent photocatalytic performance in which they degrade around 70%, 90% of 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP within 240 min under the irradiation of solar light, respectively.


microwave-assisted synthesis CdS optical properties photocatalytic properties 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Sultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatSultanate of Oman
  2. 2.College of Chemistry and Life Science, Shenyang Normal UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Medical CollegeShenyangChina

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