Field experiments and observations revealed that active outcome of pink salmon fry Oncorhynchus gorbuscha into the riverine water current precedes its passive downstream migration. Inherited behavioral reactions (rheoreaction, optomotor reaction, photo- and tigmoreactions) in response to environmental changes determine the outcome.
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We are grateful to A.O. Kasumyan (Moscow State Univerisy) for сonsiderate reading the manuscript and essential comments. We thank V.V. Smirnov (Association of Sustainable Fishing in Northeastern Sakhalin) for comprehensive support and technical supply of the field studies.
The field studies at Sakhalin Island were carried out with financial support from the Association of Sustainable Fishing in Northeastern Sakhalin; the analysis of materials and preparation of the paper were supported by the grant of Russian Science Foundation, no. 19-14-00015 “Mechanisms of Migration Behavior of Fish and Lampreys in the River Systems. Role of Ecological and Physiological Factors.”
Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
Translated by D. Pavlov
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Pavlov, D.S., Kirillova, E.A. & Kirillov, P.I. Active Outcome of Pink Salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (Salmonidae) Fry into the Water Current for Passive Downstream Migration. J. Ichthyol. 59, 946–953 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0032945219060110
- pink salmon Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
- passive downstream migration
- optomotor reaction
- active outcome to water current