The body size and age structure, as well as the features of growth and sexual maturation, of black scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus from the coastal waters of southwestern Crimea are analyzed. The average body length and weight are larger in the females than in the males: 16.4 cm and 93.0 g vs. 14.9 cm and 62.0 g. The maximum age of the females and males in the catches is 11 and 12 years, respectively. The females (50%) reach sexual maturity by the age of 3−4 years at 13.9 cm TL, while the males (50%) reach sexual maturity by the age of 2−3 years at 13.0 cm TL. After sexual maturation, the growth rate of the fish decreases, but the growth rate of the females is higher than that of the males. The black scorpionfish from Crimea differs from the representatives of this species from the Mediterranean Sea in a slower growth rate.
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This study was conducted according to the State Targets of the Institute of Marine Biological Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, “Features of Development and Anthropogenic Transformation of Biodiversity and Bioresources of the Azov–Black Sea Basin and Other Regions of the World Ocean,” project no. AAAA-A18-118020890074-2 and “Functional, Metabolic, and Toxicological Aspects of Hydrobionts and Populations in the Biotopes with Different Physicochemical Regimes,” project no. AAAA-A18-118021490093-4.
Conflict of interest. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Statement on the welfare of animals. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
Translated by D. Pavlov
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Kutsyn, D.N., Skuratovskaya, E.N. & Chesnokova, I.I. Body Size, Age Structure, Growth, and Maturation of Black Scorpionfish Scorpaena porcus (Scorpaenidae) from Southwestern Crimea (Black Sea). J. Ichthyol. 59, 864–869 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0032945219060067
- black scorpionfish Scorpaenaporcus
- sexual maturation
- Black Sea