Journal of Ichthyology

, Volume 58, Issue 6, pp 939–943 | Cite as

A New Species of Luminous Percoids of the Acropoma Genus (Acropomatidae)

  • A. M. ProkofievEmail author


A new species, Acropoma leobergi sp. n. from the Arafura Sea, belonging to a group of species with a short U-shaped luminous organ slightly receding behind the anus, is described. From other species of this group, the described species is well distinguished by a combination of such features as a small number of gill rakers in the outer row on the first arc (18–20), the presence of the chin boss, the presence of cycloid scales on the sides of the body, four longitudinal rows of scales between the beginning of the first dorsal fin and lateral line, and dense melanophore pigmentation on the dorsal surface of the luminous organ. Earlier representatives of this species, apparently, were mistakenly identified with the northwestern Pacific species A. japonicum (from Japan to Vietnam and the Philippines). A new synonymy was established: Acropoma lacrima Okamoto et Golani, 2017 = A. splendens (Lloyd, 1909).


Acropomatidae Acropoma systematics new species new synonymy Australasia bioluminescence 



  1. 1.
    Fowler, H.W. and Bean, B.A., Contributions to the biology of the Philippine Archipelago and adjacent regions. The fishes of the families Amiidae, Chanidae, Duleidae, and Serranidae, obtained by the United States Bureau of Fisheries Steamer, “Albatross” in 1907 to 1910, chiefly in the Philippine Islands and adjacent seas, Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 1930, vol. 100, no. 10.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. and Kailola, P.J., Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwestern Australia, Jakarta: Austral. Dev. Ass. Bureau, 1984.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hubbs, C.L. and Lagler, K.F., Fishes of the Great Lakes region, Cranbrook Inst. Sci. Bull., 1958, no. 26, pp. 1–213.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Katayama, M., Fauna Japonica: Serranidae (Pisces), Tokyo: Biogeogr. Soc. Jpn., 1960.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lloyd, R.E., A description of the deep-sea fish caught by the R.I.M.S. ship “Investigator” since the year 1900, with supposed evidence of mutation in Malthopsis, Mem. Ind. Mus., 1909, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 130–180.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Matsubara, K., Revision of the Japanese serranid fish referable to the genus Acropoma, Mem. Coll. Agric. Kyoto Univ., 1953, vol. 66, pp. 21–29.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Okamoto, M., Acropoma profundum, a new species of lanternbelly (Teleostei: Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Solomon Islands, Species Diversity, 2014, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 9–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Okamoto, M. and Golani, D., Three new species of the genus Acropoma (Perciformes: Acropomatidae) from the Indian Ocean, Ichthyol. Res., 2017, vol. 65, no. 1. P. 101–114. doi 10.1007/s10228-017-0595-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Okamoto, M. and Ida, H., Acropoma argentistigma, a new species from the Andaman Sea, off southern Thailand (Perciformes: Acropomatidae), Ichthyol. Res., 2002, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 281–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schwarzhans, W.W. and Prokofiev, A.M., Reappraisal of Synagrops Günther, 1887 with rehabilitation and revision of Parascombrops Alcock, 1889 including description of seven new species and two new genera (Perciformes: Acropomatidae), Zootaxa, 2017, vol. 4260, no. 1, pp. 1–74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences (IPEE RAS)MoscowRussia
  2. 2.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences (IO RAS)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations